process

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Process

A series of actions, motions, or occurrences; a method, mode, or operation, whereby a result or effect is produced; normal or actual course of procedure; regular proceeding, as, the process of vegetation or decomposition; a chemical process; processes of nature.

In patent law, an art or method by which any particular result is produced. A definite combination of new or old elements, ingredients, operations, ways, or means to produce a new, improved, or old result, and any substantial change therein by omission, to the same or better result, or by modification or substitution, with different function, to the same or better result, is a new and patentable process.

In civil and criminal proceedings, any means used by a court to acquire or exercise its jurisdiction over a person or over specific property. A summons or summons and complaint; sometimes, a writ.

Cross-references

Service of Process.

process

n. in law, the legal means by which a person is required to appear in court or a defendant is given notice of a legal action against him/her/it. When a complaint in a lawsuit is filed, it must be served on each defendant together with a summons issued by the clerk of the court, stating the amount of time (say, 30 days) in which the defendant has to file an answer or other legal pleading with the clerk of the court and sent to the plaintiff. A subpena is a similar to a summons but is a notice to a witness to appear at a deposition (testimony taken outside court), or at a trial. A subpena duces tecum is an order to deliver documents or other evidence either into court or to the attorney for a party to a lawsuit or criminal prosecution. An order to show cause is a court order to appear in court and give a reason why the court should not issue an order (such as paying temporary child support). The summons, complaint, subpena, subpena duces tecum and order to show cause must all be "served" on the defendant or person required to appear or produce, and this is called "service of process." Service of process is usually made by an officer of the court such as a deputy sheriff or marshal, or a professional process server, but can be performed by others in most jurisdictions. (See: summons, subpena, order to show cause, process server, service of process)

process

(Course), noun action, conduct, continued movement, continuing development, handling, line of accion, manner, means, method, methodology, mode of oppration, operation, performance, plan, policy, procedure, progressive course, ratio, regular proceeding, ritual, scheme, series of measures, strategy, system, tactics, transaction, treatment, way, ways and means
Associated concepts: due process, judicial process

process

(Summons), noun authoritative citation to appear before a court, authoritative command, behest, bidding, citation, command, direction, instruction to appear, legal call, lis, official call, official notice, requirement to appear, signal by which one is summoned, subpoena, writ
Associated concepts: abuse of process, compulsory process, defective process, irregular process, return of process, service of process
See also: avenue, channel, conduit, course, expedient, instrumentality, manufacture, method, mode, modus operandi, operation, practice, procedure, proceeding, search warrant, step, subpoena, system, transaction, treatment, warrant

PROCESS, practice. So denominated because it proceeds or issues forth in order to bring the defendant into court, to answer the charge preferred against him, and signifies the writ or judicial means by which he is brought to answer. 1 Paine, R. 368 Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2. In the English law, process in civil causes is called original process, when it is founded upon the original writ; and also to distinguish it from mesne or intermediate process, which issues pending the suit, upon some collateral interlocutory matter, as, to summon juries, witnesses,, and the like; mesne process is also sometimes put in contradistinction to final process, or process of execution; and then it signifies all process which intervenes between the beginning and end of a suit. 3 Bl. Com. 279.
     3. In criminal cases that proceeding which is called a warrant, before the finding of the bill, is termed process when issued after the indictment has been found by the jury. Vide 4 Bl. Com. 319; Dalt. J. c. 193; Com. Dig. Process, A 1; Burn's Dig. Process; Williams, J, Process; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 338; 17 Vin. Ab. 585.
     4. The word process in the 12th section of the 5th article of the constitution of Pennsylvania, which provides that "the style of all process shall be The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania," was intended to refer to such writs only as should become necessary to be issued in the course of the exercise of that judicial power which is established and provided for in the article of the constitution, and forms exclusively the subject matter of it. 3 Penna. R. 99.

PROCESS, rights. The means or method of accomplishing a thing.
     2. It has been said that the word manufacture, (q.v.) in the patent laws, may, perhaps, extend to a new process, to be carried on by known implements, or elements, acting upon known substances, and ultimately producing some other known substance, but producing it in a cheaper or more expeditious manner, or of a better and more useful kind. 2 B. & Ald. 349. See Perpigna, Manuel des Inventeurs, &c., c. 1; s. 5, Sec. 1, p. 22, 4th ed.; Manufacture; Method.

PROCESS, MESNE, practice. By this term is generally understood any writ issued in the course of a suit between the original process and execution.
     2. By this term is also meant the writ or proceedings in an action to summon or bring the defendant into court, or compel him to appear or put in bail, and then to hear and answer the plaintiffs claim. 3 Chit. Pr. 140.

References in periodicals archive ?
Alors que la coalition arabe se preparait a resserrer l'etau sur la ville strategique de TaE1/2z pour prendre d'assaut la capitale Sanaa, l'effet balancier profite plutot au processus de reconquete du terrain perdu entame par les Houtis vers la grande ville d'Aden.
Les centrales syndicales commencent a s'impatienter du manque de visibilite qui entache actuellement le processus des negociations du dialogue social.
8220;We believe that working with Processus is a great opportunity to provide our services for people in Australia, and extend our network of professionals.
Ce processus, impulse par l'Espagne, le Maroc et d'autres pays du Sahel et de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, a servi a avancer dans plusieurs sujets lies a l'immigration legale et illegale et a la cooperation au developpement, a precise De Aristegui a l'ouverture du seminaire "Dialogue euro-africain sur la migration et le developpement, Processus de Rabat et sur la gestion des frontieres" avec la participation des representants de plusieurs pays, dont le Maroc.
L'etude de la constitution d'un ou plusieurs << paysages patrimoniaux >> (heritage scapes en anglais) permet d'examiner des questions communes aux musees et au patrimoine dans le cadre d'un processus appele << patrimonialisation >> (en francais) ou << heritagization >> (en anglais).
Netanyahu pour le processus de paix, l'avocat Yitzhak Molcho, ont pris part aux discussions.
Le CaRMS (avec stages) et la Foire urologique (pour un processus d'entrevue concentre) ont bien fonctionne d'un point de vue logistique pour l'urologie.
L'ocean--Les abimes du tels: Les oceans et l'information qui y est archivee permettent d'apprehender plusieurs processus terrestres importants.
offre des services d'amelioration des processus a l'industrie du formage des metaux, incluant les << trois geants >> de la construction automobile--General Motors, Ford Motor Company et DaimlerChrysler, ainsi que plusieurs des plus grands fabricants de lubrifiants en Amerique du Nord.
Le Comite continuera de se pencher sur la question des services partages cet automne, a l'issue de son processus de consultation prebudgetaire.
beaucoup moins que] Cette consecration contribuera sans aucun doute au renforcement du processus democratique, a la consolidation de l'entente et a l'ancrage du dialogue, de la reconciliation et de l'unite nationale en Tunisie et ce grace a votre souci permanent d'impliquer le peuple tunisien dans ce processus [beaucoup plus grand que], a ajoute le president de la Republique dans son message.