lawyer

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Related to Prosecution lawyer: prosecutor, public prosecutor

Lawyer

A person, who through a regular program of study, is learned in legal matters and has been licensed to practice his or her profession. Any qualified person who prosecutes or defends causes in courts of record or other judicial tribunals of the United States, or of any of the states, or who renders legal advice or assistance in relation to any cause or matter. Unless a contrary meaning is plainly indicated this term is synonymous with attorney, attorney at law, or counselor at law.

Each of the 50 states employs admissions committees or boards to review the backgrounds of prospective attorneys before they are admitted to practice. Each state also has adopted codes of conduct or disciplinary rules and has appointed adjudicative boards to address Attorney Misconduct. But these measures only weed out or discipline those who have violated laws or those who are otherwise unfit to practice law. They have done little to address the day-to-day civility and conduct of attorneys in their practice. In that regard, the behavior and conduct of peers and colleagues within the profession often impose more palpable influences on newly practicing attorneys than any standards or codes of ethics that they may have learned in law school.

A focus of a new movement in several states is not only to crack down on professional misconduct per se, but also to stem borderline conduct before it becomes an ethical violation. U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice william rehnquist, addressing new graduates from the University of Virginia School of Law in June 2001, remarked that incivility remained one of the greatest threats to the ideals of American justice and to the public's trust in the law. The conduct of former president bill clinton was considered to have seriously contributed to the harming of public confidence and trust in the legal profession because of his subjective approach to answering questions under oath and other improprieties associated with the legal aspects of his administration.

The American Bar Association (ABA) and lawyers' groups in more than a dozen states have joined in the movement to improve not only civility and courtesy among lawyers, but also the public's perception of the profession. Ultimately, the goal of these efforts is to ensure that attorneys have an unequivocal, current, and realistic standard of conduct and ethics to rely upon as a valid guide for their profession.

lawyer

noun avocat, advocate, attorney, barrister, counsel, counselor, iurisconsultus, iurisperitus, jurisconsult, jurist, legal advisor, legal advocate, legal consultant, legal practitioner, legist, member of the legal profession, solicitor
Associated concepts: admission to bar, attorney-client privvlege, bar association, character and fitness committee, code of professional conduct, grievance committee, work product
See also: advocate, attorney, barrister, counsel, counselor, esquire, jurist, practitioner, proctor, proxy, representative

LAWYER. A counselor; one learned in the law. Vide attorney.

References in periodicals archive ?
Francisco Bravo, another prosecution lawyer, said that the ruling was a surprise because it came after repeated Supreme Court rulings exempting Pinochet from standing trial on health grounds.
Prosecution lawyers said they would seek a reversal of the ruling.
Prosecution lawyer Remy Farrell told the jury the accused was a liar "who until the eve of a murder trial, did not have any psychiatric diagnosis".
The prosecution lawyer added: "There was a massive amount of communication between the two parties.
Chief prosecution lawyer Mr Robert Cleary, asked defence lawyers if the in-chambers discussion had been about "the defendants concern with his representation by counsel.
Prosecution lawyer Michael Chambers earlier told Antrim Crown Court a fearful Robinson turned up at Ballymena PSNI station in April last year, telling officers "he wished to confess to his criminality".
Prosecution lawyer Mark Farrell told Judge Geoffrey Miller the student entered the complex and noticed a man behind her on August 24 last year.
Prosecution lawyer Kate McKay said: "Police believe this was to do with his drug debt.
Prosecution lawyer Paul Burns said it would be up to the jury to decide whether they agree Mr Afshar, from Bray, was "unable to refrain from committing the act, the killing in question" because of his mental condition.
A prosecution lawyer disclosed attempts to have them compelled to testify about alleged offences linked to Ivor Bell, 79.
Prosecution lawyer Michael Chambers told Belfast Crown Court the bail application was "unusual'' as the defendant, of Grant Avenue, Randalstown, Co Antrim, was seeking to be released on compassionate terms to attend the "christening of his daughter" who is one-and-a-half.
Prosecution lawyer Gareth Purvis told Belfast Crown Court Valliday was spotted by police on June 30, 2014, driving a stolen Audi A3 along Divis Street in the West of the city.