It directly challenged the rising influence of conceptions of American racial nationalism
by reinforcing the categorical difference between national ties and political citizenship.
The racial nationalism
that South Africa's governing party placed at the front and center of its governance meant that the group, not the individual, would be both the start and end points of state action.
Finally Gerstle himself acknowledges in a footnote that his decision to explore racial nationalism
rather than Rogers M.
Since its inception in the late nineteenth century to its more recent manifestations in the post-Tiananmen era, however, cultural and racial nationalism
have very much dominated the cultural and political domains in China.
However, they advanced competing understandings of urban culture and community, drawing on the growing discourse of racial nationalism
to clarify the stakes of lingering injustice.
That reinforced conflicting models of American nationality: the inclusivity of Civic Nationalism versus the white primacy of Racial Nationalism
They then used their public political voice to advance a form of racial nationalism
in an age of Anglo-Saxon expansionism" (199).