disability

(redirected from Reading disability)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Reading disability: dyslexia, reading disorder

Disability

The lack of competent physical and mental faculties; the absence of legal capability to perform an act.The term disability usually signifies an incapacity to exercise all the legal rights ordinarily possessed by an average person. Convicts, minors, and incompetents are regarded to be under a disability. The term is also used in a more restricted sense when it indicates a hindrance to marriage or a deficiency in legal qualifications to hold office.

The impairment of earning capacity; the loss of physical function resulting in diminished efficiency; the inability to work.

In the context of Workers' Compensation statutes, disability consists of an actual incapacity to perform tasks within the course of employment, with resulting wage loss, in addition to physical impairment that might, or might not, be incapacitating.

Under federal law, the definition of a disability, for Social Security benefits purposes, requires the existence of a medically ascertainable physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or endures for a stated period, and an inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity due to the impairment.

disability

n. 1) a condition which prevents one from performing all usual physical or mental functions. This usually means a permanent state, like blindness, but in some cases is temporary. In recent times society and the law have dictated that people with disabilities should be accommodated and encouraged to operate to their maximum potential and have the right to participate in societal and governmental activity without impediments. Hence, access by ramps, elevators, special parking places and other special arrangements have become required in many statutes. 2) a legal impediment, including being a minor who cannot make a contract, or being insane or incompetent, as determined by others.

disability

(Legal disqualification), noun disablement, impairment, invalidation, invalidity, legal incapacity, unqualification, unqualifiedness, unsuitability, unsuitedness, want of legal capacity, want of legal qualification
Foreign phrases: Contra non valentem agere nulla currit praescriptio.No prescription runs against a person who is unable to act.

disability

(Physical inability), noun affliction, ailment, debilitation, debility, deterioration, disablement, disorder, disqualification, feebleness, frailty, handicap, helplessness, illness, impairment, impotence, impotency, inability, inabillty to work, inadequacy, incapability, incapacitation, incompetence, incompetency, indisposition, ineffectiveness, ineffectuality, ineffectualness, inefficacy, inefficiency, infirmity, insufficiency, malady, powerlessness, sickness, unfitness, unsoundness, weakness
Associated concepts: complete disability, continuous disabillty, disability benefits, disability compensation, disability innurance, general disability, medical disability, mental dissbility, partial disability, physical disability, proof of disability, temporary disability, total disability
See also: detriment, disadvantage, disease, disorder, disqualification, handicap, impediment, impuissance, inability, incapacity, inefficacy, pain

DISABILITY. The want of legal capacity to do a thing.
     2. Persons may be under disability, 1. To make contracts. 2. To bring actions.
     3.-1. Those who want understanding; as idiots, lunatics, drunkards, and infants or freedom to exercise their will, as married women, and persons in duress; or who, in consequence of their situation, are forbidden by the policy of the law to enter into contracts, as trustees, executors, administrators, or guardians, are under disabilities to make contracts. See Parties; Contracts.
    4.-2. The disabilities to sue are, 1. Alienage, when the alien is an enemy. Bac. Ab. Abatement, B 3; Id. Alien, E: Com. Dig. Abatement , K; Co. Litt. 129. 2. Coverture; unless as co-plaintiff with her husband, a married woman cannot sue. 3. Infancy; unless he appears by guardian or prochein ami. Co. Litt. 135, b; 2 Saund. 117, f, n. 1 Bac. Ab. Infancy, K 2 Conn. 357; 7 John. 373; Gould, Pl. c. 5, Sec. 54. 4. That no such person as that named has any existence, is not, or never was, in rerum natura. Com. Dig. Abatement, E 16, 17; 1 Chit. Pl. 435; Gould on Pl. c. 5, Sec. 58; Lawes' Pl. 104; 19 John. 308. By the law of England there are other disabilities; these are, 1. Outlawry. 2. Attainder. 3. Praemunire. 4. Popish recusancy. 5. Monachism.
    5. In the acts of limitation it is provided that persons lying under certain disabilities, such as being non compos, an infant, in prison, or under coverture, shall have the right to bring actions after the disability shall have been removed.
    6. In the construction of this saving in the acts, it has been decided that two disabilities shall not be joined when they occur in different persons; as, if a right of entry accrue to a feme covert, and during the coverture she die, and the right descends to her infant son. But the rule is otherwise when there are several disabilities in the same person; as, if the right accrues to an infant, and before he has attained his full age, he becomes non compos mentis; in this case he may establish his right after the removal of the last disability. 2 Prest. Abs. of Tit. 341 Shep. To. 31; 3 Tho. Co. Litt. pl. 18, note L; 2 H. Bl. 584; 5 Whart. R. 377. Vide Incapacity.

References in periodicals archive ?
The importance of assessing phonology in reading disability evaluations is now recognized, and numerous well-standardized measures of phonological awareness are available.
Continuing with the reciprocal nature of the relationship between language and other areas of disability, it is documented in the literature that students with language deficits are at risk for reading disability and behavior disorder (Catts, 1993; Catts, 1997; Catts, Fey, Tomblin, & Zhang, 2002; Tomblin, Zhang, & Buckwalter, 2000) and that students with LD and students with ED demonstrate language skill deficits (Benner, Nelson, & Epstein, 2002; Lyon, et al.
In past years, studies have indicated that the incidence of reading disability varies anywhere from 4 per cent to 6 per cent (Sofie & Riccio, 2002) to 38 per cent (Aaron et al.
Cognitive profiles of difficult-to-remediate and readily remediated poor readers: Early intervention as a vehicle for distinguishing between cognitive and experiential deficits as basic causes of specific reading disability.
Although Joe will always have to cope with a reading disability, he began the transformation from being a reluctant reader to a young boy who is enthusiastic about reading.
Along with other researchers (Bowers, 1996, 2001; Bowers & Wolf, 1993; Spring, personal communication; Wolf, 2001; Wolf & Bowers, 1999), she has suggested a double deficit theory of reading disability to account for the common co-occurrence of deficits in rapid automatic naming and phonological processing that are seen in disabled readers.
Because of widespread misunderstandings about the condition, some experts believe Reading Disorder or Reading Disability (RD) is a better and simpler description.
By the end of the course, 99% of the preservice teachers were willing to include a student with a reading disability in their general education classrooms.
The recommendations of Beatty and Davis (1998) regarding avoiding discrepancies in print reading disability statistics were considered in the formation of the key question related to difficulty reading.
A team led by Gruen found that variants of a gene known as DCDC2 frequently occur in individuals diagnosed with a serious reading disability but not in their immediate-family members who don't have a reading problem.
With the help of specialized laser printers that accommodate large print, Braille translation software and TextAloud software that provides one-step production of MP3 audio files, students that are blind, visually impaired or have a reading disability have additional resources at their disposal.
Identifying a suspected reading disability is the first step in helping a child.