Recuperatores

RECUPERATORES, Roman civil law. A species of judges originally established, it is supposed, to decide controversies between Roman citizens and strangers, concerning the right to the possession of property requiring speedy remedy; but gradually extended to questions which might be brought before ordinary judges. After this enlargement of their powers, the difference between them and judges, it is supposed, was simply this: If the praetor named three judges he called them recuperatores; if one, he called him judex. But opinions on this subject are very various. (Colman De Romano judicio recuperatorio,) Cicero's oration pro Coecin, 1, 3, was addressed to Recuperators.

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The nature of this material suggests that both relationships were the subject of slanderous treatment, as indeed Suetonius' heavy emphasis on the social status of each indicates: (24) Flavia Domitilla, daughter of Flavius Liberalis, was the delicata of a provincial eques Statilius Capella, had once enjoyed Latin status but was then declared to be freeborn and a Roman citizen by the recuperatores, an essential precondition for Vespasian to have contracted a legal marriage with her.
brought before the recuperatores (29) by her father Flavius Liberalis,
interesting to note that the recuperatores to whom Liberalis brought the
ingenua (a freeborn woman) and a Roman citizen by the recuperatores does