Res mancipi

RES MANCIPI, Rom. civ. law. Those things which might be sold and alienated, or the property of them transferred from one person to another. The division of things in to res mancipi and res nec mancipi, was one of ancient origin, and it continued to a late period in the empire. Res mancipi (Ulph. Frag. xix.) are praedia in italico solo, both rustic and urban also, jura rusticorum praediorum or servitutes, as via, iter, aquaeductus; also slaves, and four-footed animals, as oxen, horses, &c., qum collo dorsove domantur. Smith, Diet. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. To this list, may be added children of Roman parents, who were, according to the old law, res mancipi. The distinction between res mancipi and nec mancipi was abolished by Justinian in his code. Id.; Coop. Ins. 442.

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60) Suivant cette orientation, le juriste Gaius les range parmi les res mancipi donc des choses sujettes a mancipation.
Le classement de l'esclave parmi les res mancipi montre une nette consideration au niveau de la valeur du bien, cf.
Quelle que soit la maniere dont on traduise le mot nullus (nul, non existant, sans valeur, sans importance), aucune acception ne rejoint la veritable qualification de l'esclave en droit civil, ce dernier integrant la categorie des res mancipi donc des choses d'une certaine valeur.