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Related to Respondent conditioning: operant conditioning, instrumental conditioning, Stimulus-stimulus theory
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Phasic changes in skin resistance (SRRs) were used as the measure of respondent conditioning.
A further 3 subjects were dropped from the study because they failed to show clear visual evidence of respondent conditioning within 36 conditioning trials (see respondent conditioning procedure above).
A cross-subject statistical analysis indicated that respondent conditioning emerged at significant levels on a one-tailed t test (t = 5.
Described Statistics for Cross-Subject Analysis of SRRs During Respondent Conditioning and Test for Transformation of Function in Experiment 2 Same Opposite Same Opposite B1 B2 C1 C1 C2 C2 Mean 2.
That functions transfer between stimuli that are temporally contiguous is not only a close parallel to the outcome of respondent conditioning procedures, it is identical.
The remaining difference between stimulus equivalence and respondent conditioning is the defining outcomes of both phenomena.
Moreover, respondent conditioning may be a special case of stimulus equivalence, one in which the transfer of eliciting functions can be observed, in one direction only.
In respondent conditioning, contiguity has been shown to be a necessary but not sufficient condition; stimuli must also be temporally correlated or contingent (Catania, 1992, pp.
True, there may be some peculiarities of respondent conditioning which are not observed in operant learning, and vice versa.
Rather, behavior analysts have described verbal behavior and emotive functions largely using operant learning principles (Hayes, 1991; Hayes & Wilson, 1994) and have dismissed an entire literature showing similar effects via respondent conditioning operations (e.
In fact, behavior analytic criticisms of semantic conditioning have been of basic respondent conditioning research with infrahumans and not of semantic conditioning - an issue we will return to later.
Rescorla (1988) also points out that respondent conditioning does not require continuity between some CS and UCS, but rather the evocative functions of any given CS are dependent on the base rate of the UCS.