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In order to examine the situations in which employees will produce higher creativity after downsizing, I combined intrinsic motivation theory with threat rigidity theory, and included workplace pressure (Dutton & Jackson, 1987; Staw et al.
Accordingly, threat rigidity theory predicts a unique response with regards to innovative activity to changes in stock market performance.
23) In support of the contractual wage rigidity theory, chi-square test results support a larger positive response of price to anticipated energy price shifts compared to unanticipated shifts for 11 industries.