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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
Of the four provinces, Sindh is selected as the first province with ADB's help to prepare and adopt a strategic plan in road network improvement given its size of road network, availability of maintenance fund, volume of GDP, and condition of the road network.
Coun Michael Mordey, the council's Portfolio Holder for City Services, said: "We all want to see improvements to our road network to help drive forward more investment, to create jobs and to help with travel across our city.
Director of Traffic Management at Danish Road Directorate, Charlotte Vithen, said: "By using INRIX's expertise in real-time data and through deploying this technology across our entire road network, we will be able to detect extraordinary traffic queues quicker, issue earlier warnings of congestion and improve the way we manage road incidents to achieve a smoother flow of traffic across Denmark.
Meanwhile, Rai Ahmed Nawaz, member of Kinnow Grower Association, said a better road network in rural areas was a must for transportation of agricultur produce like sugarcane and kinnow to factories and markets.
He said with completion of modern road network, people would prefer travelling by road, rather than by air.
Across England the condition of the A road network has stayed more or less the same over the past seven years, with the proportion of it in need of repair hovering around four or five per cent.
Michelle Harrington, road safety manager for RoSPA Wales, said: "RoSPA welcomes today's announcement by Transport Minister Edwina Hart, which will bring safety improvements to the trunk road network, in line with the objectives of the Road Safety Framework for Wales.
The CBI said the strategy marked "a significant milestone in our journey towards the delivery of much-needed upgrades to our existing road network, the arteries of our economy".
Sustainable forest road network and preserving construction costs need permanent road maintenance.
According to a media statement of the Civic initiative for public rail transport NGO, Bulgaria had a republican road network spanning 37 296 kilometers by 2002 and after that, all of a sudden, the road network shrank to 19 280 kilometers in official documents.
Abu Dhabi is planning to build a green road network that is expected be the first of its kind in the Middle East.
A good road network has a significant socio-economic benefit that both enhances and stimulates economic growth.