road

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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
Should this be pursued as a viable addition to the facilities offered by the port authority, the road network could become one of the best investments for the future of this area.
Part 1: Development of internal road network (port C of venous J): Preparation and water preparation installation licensing legal documentation and obtaining the water authority water establishing authorization to export tervdokumetci.
Maptuit's technology, built on a comprehensive road network of North America provides the means with which to associate a location captured from a GPS receiver with a street address.
This process is being conducted by Highways England as the Government owned Company responsible for the Strategic Road Network.
The minor road network - or "unclassified" - includes any public local roads that are not classed as A, B or C, and which are not residential streets or agricultural tracks.
Ravi Peri, an ADB Principal Transport Specialist, said, "The road network is a critical element of the transport infrastructure in Karnataka.
The Cebu-Balamban-Transcentral Highway, a major road network connecting Cebu to Balamban, Asturias and other southern municipalities, meantime, have to be cleared of fallen trees.
The projects aim to provide an efficient road network and drainage and sewer infrastructure.
Government engineers on Wednesday warned motorist to be careful in negotiating the Lagonoy-Presentation road in Camarines Sur after a series of landslides and floods hit the road network on Tuesday due to continuous heavy rains brought by Tropical Storm 'Ramil,' the Department of Public and Highways (DPWH) in Bicol said.
EARLIER this month the Tees Valley Mayor launched plans to significantly improve the road network across the area.
By increasing the road's capacity by 40 per cent, we are confident the project will significantly improve the local road network for vehicle users," said Khalaf.
BAHAWALPUR -- Punjab Government plans to spend more than 25 billion rupees to expand and modernize road network infrastructure in 36 districts of the Punjab province.