road

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See: access, admission, admittance, avenue, causeway, channel, course, entry, way

ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
The report, "Transportation Forecast: Global Fuel Consumption," analyzed the global road transportation fuels market by alternative fuel and vehicle segment (light duty vehicles and medium and heavy duty vehicles).
The intergovernmental agreement regulates the bilateral ties in the area of road transportation in the context of the Bulgarian government's policy for cooperation with the countries in the Middle East.
There is a strong connection between environment and road transportation that has effect on the environment by emitting pollutants and greenhouse gases.
Ryanair responded to calls for the aviation taxes by holding road transportation and growing economies more responsible for global warming.
An analysis in the British Guardian concluded that to convert all road transportation in the United Kingdom (cars, trucks and buses) to canola-derived biodiesel would require 64 million acres of land, when there are only 14 million arable acres in all of Great Britain.
For instance, some stakeholder envision a fully integrated system involving air, sea, rail and road transportation, while others believe only rail and road should be considered.
The National Agency for Road Transportation (ANTT) in Brazil issued a US$150,000 fine to the Ferrovia Centro-Atlantica (FCA) railway company for damages caused as a result of an accident in the state of Minas Gerais in July 2003.
India expressed disappointment at Pakistan's rejection of its proposal to increase road transportation links between the two countries aimed at facilitating people-to-people contact.
Positive thinking has survived, and with it, new opportunities in construction and design for air, rail and road transportation," said PWC president Lenore Janis following the program.
The report included some 90 recommendations covering Canada's air, marine, rail and road transportation sectors.
The program, in place for less than three months, received the International Roadway Work Zone Safety Awareness Award from the American Road Transportation Builders Association and the National Safety Council and an honorable mention in ARTBA's annual PRIDE in Transportation Construction Award competition.