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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
There is one lane closed due to roadworks on A1058 Coast Road at Norham Road/Norham Road North in Newcastle.
I doubt if it will improve when the roadworks finish.
We all accept that roadworks are a necessary evil, to keep our road network properly maintained, but it is the double or even triple whammy of roadworks delays often confronting motorists on a single journey that is becoming increasingly difficult to bear.
The spokesperson said: "We are sorry for any inconvenience caused by the roadworks in place on Grimescar Road.
In October last year, 90-minute tailbacks brought the region to a standstill after the Highways Agency planned roadworks on the A66 while the A19 Tees Flyover was struggling during renovation works which closed Newport Bridge.
This will be a great help to people travelling over the festive period by lifting or completing roadworks, more lanes will be open and many of the associated speed restrictions will also be lifted.
Roadworks staying in place include those on the M1 near Leicester, on the M5 near Bristol and on a northern section of the M25 in Hertfordshire.
Of the six UK roadworks sites in the 50-location survey, one was rated very good, four good and one acceptable, earning the UK the top position.
Wherever possible, roadworks and lane restrictions are being lifted on some of the region's busiest routes between Friday December 22 and Tuesday January 2.
EXPERTS have voted Britain's motorway roadworks the best-organised in Europe.
By Car Road - There are roadworks on Chowdene Bank in Gateshead between Salcombe Gardens and Kingsway South / A1 (Coalhouse Roundabout) due to bridge replacement work.
MAOTORISTS can expect a slightly smoother drive during the usual Bank Holiday traffic snarl-up thanks to a temporary break on roadworks.