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A fictitious surname used for an unknown or anonymous person or for a hypothetical person in an illustration.

A lawsuit is generally named for the persons who are parties to it. When the name of a party is unknown, the court clerk may direct that the person be called a fictitious name in the papers of the lawsuit. This also may be done to hide the identity of a person who would needlessly suffer if his name were known—for example, the name of a parent who is giving up a child for Adoption or the name of a juvenile charged with a crime.

Frequently used fictitious party names include Richard Roe, Mary Roe, and john doe.

References in periodicals archive ?
When arrested Roe claimed he hit Mr Mason because he hit his sister, who was engaged to Mann.
However, presently there is a Supreme Court majority that favors keeping Roe firmly intact.
But even if Roe was the product of many hands, Blackmun claimed it as his own and worked staunchly to defend it--and, in doing so, his old habits of judicial modesty began to slip away.
The ROE Web Online Data Entry option allows employers to complete ROE forms on the Web in the same manner as the paper form, and transmit them electronically to HRSDC for validation.
I thought Vinnie Roe was going to win over a furlong out, but Makybe Diva quickened really well and was just too good.
Roe enjoyed a hugely successful first season, guiding the county to their first provincial semi-final since 1956 while also retaining their Division 1 status after their debut season in the top flight
And during hard economic times, the Roes "sold" their groceries and supplies to the local people on credit.
Paddlefish roe, such as that offered by L'Osage Catfisheries in Osage Beach, Mo.
Roe's fiancee, Kristina Clark, who was pregnant at the time of the shooting, said she and Roe shared a "once-in-a-lifetime love" snuffed out by Hausotter's negligence on Oct.
Bush have the opportunity to nominate a Supreme Court justice who could provide the fifth vote to overturn Roe altogether?
Separating the boys from the girls, females, called "hens," are often preferred for their roe or coral.
1) Several years ago, commentators and the Judge Advocate General's Corps (JAGC) correctly decided to emphasize training and doctrinal issues as JAs developed strategies to mitigate the foreseeable challenges that ROE would present.