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PATENT, ROMAN. The Roman patents will be considered by taking a view of the persons to whom they may be granted; the different kinds of patents; the cost of a patent; and the obligations of the patentee.
     2.-Sec. 1. To whom patents are granted. Every person, whether a citizen of the estates of the pope or foreigner, man or woman, adult or infant, may obtain a patent for an invention, for an improvement, or for importation, by fulfilling the conditions prescribed in order to obtain a grant of such titles. Persons who have received a patent from the Roman government may, afterwards, without any compromise of their rights or privileges, receive a patent in a foreign country.
     3. The different kinds of patents. In the Roman estates there are granted patents for invention, for improvements, and for importations.
     4.-1st. Patents for inventions are granted for, 1. A new kind of important culture. 2. A new and useful art, before unknown. 3. A new and useful process of culture or of manufacture. 4. A new natural production. 5. A new application of a means already, known.
     5.-2d. Patents for improvements may be granted for any useful improvement made to inventions already known and used in the Roman states.
     6.-3d, Patents for importations are granted in two cases, namely: 1. For the introduction of inventions already patented in a foreign country, and the privilege of which patent yet continues. 2. For the introduction of an invention known and freely used in a foreign country, but not yet used or known in the Roman states.
     7.-3. Cost of a patent. The cost of a patent is fixed at a certain sum per annum, without regard to the length of time for which it may have been granted. It varies in relation to patents for inventions and importation. It is ten Roman crowns per annum for a patent for invention and improvement, and of fifteen crowns a year for a patent for importation.
     8.-Sec. 4. Obligation of the patentee. He is required to bring into [?] his invention within one year after the grant of the patent, and not to suspend the supply for the space of one year during the time the privilege shall last.
     9. He is required to pay one half of the tax or expense of his patent on receiving his patent, and the other half during the first month of the second portion of its, duration.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the moment, scientists work on the issue, and it is proposed to switch to Roman alphabet on keyboards that we have.
Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003, "Standardized Transliteration of Names into the Roman Alphabet," 27 November 2002, Section 352.
In the 1840s, Englishman William Moon, who became blind in early adulthood, began with the Roman alphabet, but modified it so radically that it was not intelligible to sighted readers without knowledge of the system.
Hypothesis 2: Professors with surnames closer to ABC in the Roman alphabet will be more likely to be employed as professors.
Some argue that being required to learn two alphabets, one for Inuktitut and one for English, hampers literacy efforts and the sharing of knowledge with other Inuit groups who use the roman alphabet system.
2) The Roman alphabet letters are made up of vertical, horizontal, slant and curved strokes.
The editors of this volume have produced a companion website containing Nabokov's annotated and marked transliterations of his later Russian translations into the Roman alphabet, another manifestation of the idea of translation as access point rather than self-sufficient poem.
The company will use a new logo depicting a crescent moon combined with the Roman alphabet spelling ''kao'' from October because the scale of its overseas business operations has ballooned.
The Inuit of eastern Canada use the Roman alphabet, and northern Inuit use syllabics, a script created for the Cree language and later adapted for Inuktitut.
Describing the experiments in the journal Psychological Science, he revealed that the team's aim was to evaluate which areas of each of the 26 letters of the Roman alphabet were crucial for letter recognition.
To meet stringent criteria for selection, regional journals must be published on time, have English-language bibliographic information (title, abstract, keywords), and cited references must be in the Roman alphabet.
A special problem with Japanese and with other languages that do not use the Roman alphabet is whether and when to introduce the written language.