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17) The Court commented, "Although [section]2's saving clause preserves generally applicable contract defenses, nothing in it suggests an intent to preserve state-law that stands as an obstacle to the accomplishment of the FAA's directives.
Justice Breyer explained that, in Geier, the Court divided the preemption question into "three subsidiary questions": (1) "[W]hether the statute's express pre-emption provision preempted the state tort suit;" (2) whether the saving clause "foreclose[d] or limit[ed] 'the operation of ordinary pre-emption principles insofar as those principles instruct us to read' federal statutes as pre-empting state laws .
American Honda, acknowledged that the statute had a saving clause that appeared to preserve state common law claims but concluded that "the saving clause (like the express preemption provision) does not bar the ordinary working of conflict pre-emption principles.
55) The Court never took up the question of the role of the saving clause because it rejected preemption for other reasons.
It would ultimately be essential for any perceived interpretation of the saving clause in favour of the exceptional right to secession to reflect a "fundamental principle of international law" (see above (35)).
In its analysis, the Court pointed to the saving clause and held that this clause does not bar the ordinary working of conflict preemption principles.
358 (1999), again sought to "clarify" the framework for determining whether a state law "regulates insurance" and thus escapes preemption under ERISA's saving clause.
an earlier decision finding implied preemption in an auto case, for the proposition that "neither an express preemption provision nor a saving clause `bars the ordinary working of conflict preemption principles.
Three provisions of ERISA address preemption: the preemption clause,(5) the saving clause,(6) and the deemer clause.
The revocation of the ordinance carries some saving clauses meant to be helpful to the anti-graft measures taken under the emergency rules.