sentence

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sentence

1) n. the punishment given to a person convicted of a crime. A sentence is ordered by the judge, based on the verdict of the jury (or the judge's verdict if there was no jury) within the possible punishments set by state law (or Federal law in convictions for a Federal crime). Popularly, "sentence" refers to the jail or prison time ordered after conviction, as in "his sentence was 10 years in state prison." Technically, a sentence includes all fines, community service, restitution or other punishment, or terms of probation. Defendants who are first offenders without a felony record may be entitled to a probation or pre-sentence report by a probation officer based on background information and circumstances of the crime, often resulting in a recommendation as to probation and amount of punishment. For misdemeanors (lesser crimes) the maximum sentence is usually one year in county jail, but for felonies (major crimes) the sentence can range from a year to the death penalty for murder in most states. Under some circumstances the defendant may receive a "suspended sentence" which means the punishment is not imposed if the defendant does not get into other trouble for the period he/she would have spent in jail or prison, "concurrent sentences" in which the prison time for more than one crime is served at the same time and only lasts as long as the longest term, "consecutive sentences," in which the terms for several crimes are served one after another, and "indeterminate" sentences in which the actual release date is not set and will be based on review of prison conduct. (See: concurrent sentence, suspended sentence, indeterminate sentence, restitution, death penalty)

sentence

noun adjudication, award of punishment, censure, conviction, decision, declaration of penalty, decree of punishment, decretum, determination, determined punnshment, doom, edict, formally pronounced judgment, order of penalty, order of the court, penalty, prescribed punishment, pronouncement, punishment, ruling, verdict
Associated concepts: concurrent sentences, consecutive sentences, cumulative sentences, excessive sentence, indeeerminative sentence, life sentence, presentence hearing, suspended sentence

sentence

verb adjudge, bring in a verdict, commit, condemn, condemnare, convict, damnare, decide, declare guilty of an offense, decree, determine, find, find guilty, hold, immure, impose penalty, imprison, inflict penalty, order, pass judgment upon, prescribe punishment, prooounce guilty, pronounce judgment, proscribe, reprobate
Associated concepts: presentence report
See also: adjudge, adjudication, clause, condemn, condemnation, convict, conviction, decide, decree, determination, discipline, finding, finding of guilt, holding, judge, judgment, opinion, penalize, penalty, punish, punishment, ruling, verdict

SENTENCE. A judgment, or judicial declaration made by a judge in a cause. The term judgment is more usually applied to civil, and sentence to criminal proceedings.
     2. Sentences are final, when they put, an end to the case; or interlocutory, when they settle only some incidental matter which has arisen in the course of its progress. Vide Aso & Man. Inst. B. 3, t. 8, c. 1.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Sentance, now senior economic adviser to accountancy giant, PWC, was speaking after official figures revealed the UK economy had enjoyed its fifth successive quarter of growth.
Mr Sentance said: "We face a 'new normal' of low growth and difficult economic conditions across the western economies, which reflects major adjustments which our economy is making since the financial crisis.
Sentance steps down from the Monetary Policy Committee at the end of this month, to be replaced by ex-Goldman Sachs economist Ben Broadbent, and pressure for an imminent rate rise is likely to dissipate further after his departure.
Sentance believes it is significantly more likely than not that inflation
In one corner, Andrew Sentance reckons that higher interest rates are needed to fight inflation, and reiterated his call for a tighter monetary policy after last week's inflation figures were unveiled.
Economists believe a three-way split will emerge this week, with Mr Posen opting for more QE and committee member Andrew Sentance voting once more for a quarter point rise in rates to calm inflation.
Bank of England must not let markets lose faith in its commitment to keeping prices under control, Monetary Policy Committee member Andrew Sentance said on Monday, repeating his call for an interest rate rise.
In the last MPC meeting in June, member Andrew Sentance disagreed with his colleagues and voted for a rate hike of 25 basis points.
Andrew Sentance is a member of the powerful Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee which meets each month to decide UK interest rates.
Commission member Andrew Sentance said: "Each year cyclists in Denmark and Holland cycle more than 10 times as far as Britons.
He was today being questioned at the headquarters of Brighton CID, from where Miss Longhurst's mother Liz, sister Sue and partner Malcolm Sentance, had made several appeals for help in finding her alive.
Miss Longhurst, 31, who taught at a school for children with learning difficulties in Brighton, vanished from her home, which she shared with her partner Malcolm Sentance, 34, on March 14.