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A distance from a curb, property line, or structure within which building is prohibited.

Setbacks are building restrictions imposed on property owners. Local governments create setbacks through ordinances and Building Codes, usually for reasons of public policy such as safety, privacy, and environmental protection. Setbacks prevent landowners from crowding the property of others, allow for the safe placement of pipelines, and help to preserve wetlands. Setbacks form boundaries by establishing an exact distance from a fixed point, such as a property line or an adjacent structure, within which building is prohibited. Generally, prospective buyers learn that land is subject to setback provisions when they are considering purchasing it. This information is important to future development plans, because setbacks remain in effect until changed by law or special action of a local government.

Setbacks can significantly affect a property owner's right to develop land or to modify existing structures on the land. For this reason they can influence property values; severe restrictions on land can decrease its value. Violating setback provisions can lead to legal action against a property owner, and penalties can include fines as well as an order to remove noncompliant structures. Property owners whose desire to build is stymied by setbacks have few remedies. They can petition their local government by applying for a variance—a special permission to depart from the requirements of Zoning ordinances—but variances are generally granted only in cases of extreme hardship. Litigation over setbacks is common.


Land-Use Control.

See: adversity, casualty, damper, debacle, decline, defeat, delay, disadvantage, disaster, effect, hindrance, impediment, misfortune, plight, relapse, toll, trouble
References in periodicals archive ?
By using the thermal dynamics prediction model and the energy consumption prediction model, the setback temperature is calculated satisfying the 5% deviation from the comfort zone with low energy consumption when the un-occupancy event is detected.
As a business leader, it's easy to take setbacks personally.
And I would heartily support Rohter and other property owners along the McKenzie River developing a process that holds their neighbors accountable and helps enforce the existing riparian setback ordinance - without the added tax burden, and added intrusiveness, of more government oversight.
Meanwhile, imposing immovable conditions did not sit well with abutters from Webster who have been attending all the public hearings and asking the board when is the appropriate time to address their setback concerns.
The state supreme court first noted that the regulations define a building site as the portion of a lot on which a single building is placed and a setback as an area which cannot contain any structures.
In preparation for the summer 2006 cooling season, Georgia Tech's facilities department planned a pilot project to test a space temperature offset setback strategy that was triggered by electrical cost.
Harvard-Westlake's Natasha Brown, who defeated Malibu's Chelsea Mosser 6-3, 6-2 in the second round, suffered a 7-6 (3), 6-0 third-round setback to Tatsuno.
GRETNA'S John O'Neill has suffered a setback in his bid to return to first team duty.
Setback devices for furnaces and central air conditioning evolved as a way of conserving home energy usage with no loss in comfort.
5m setback from all site boundaries, Most flowerbeds are more generously proportioned.
So the Wie conundrum raises the question: Is she a role model for women, a potential setback for the LPGA Tour, or perhaps both?
Although the life-long recycler acknowledges that the setback cast him into a month-long depression, Joe bounced back, a trait that has helped him not only to weather tough times, but eventually to prosper over them.