Short Sale

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Short Sale

A method of gaining profit from an anticipated decline in the price of a stock.

An individual who sells short sells either stock or Securities that he or she does not own and that are not immediately ready for delivery. Generally the seller borrows the shares needed to cover the sale from a Broker and then delivers these shares to the buyer. The seller deposits an amount that is equal to the value of the borrowed shares with the broker. This amount stays on deposit with the broker until the stock is returned. The seller must ultimately return the same number of shares of the same stock to the broker, and the transaction is not fully executed until the stock is returned. The broker lending the stock is entitled to all the benefits he or she would have received if the stock had not been lent. When a dividend is paid, then the seller-borrower is required to pay the broker-lender an amount equal to the dividend.

References in periodicals archive ?
A Fleming Island short sale will occur when banks believe the borrower is having a hardship, where their current financial situation does not allow them to pay the mortgage off or to continue making payments.
The report noted that the percentage of suspicious short sales flipped for more than $50,000 has slightly decreased during the period of 2012 to second-quarter 2013.
At present, investors can only carry out intraday trading via the offsetting of margin trading and short sales under the credit trading system.
Freddie Mac said it is delegating greater authority to all of its servicers to approve short sales for many borrowers who are not delinquent but face the following common financial hardships: divorce, a family death, long-term or permanent disability, employment transfers to different parts of the country, or Permanent Change of Station orders for members of the armed forces.
Short sales often are the best and quickest way to make sure that happens.
With the courts at a standstill and banks not foreclosing on properties," Halloran said, "the banks are getting better at doing short sales, so more people are doing them.
But according to Denver attorney Sara Mobley, who deals with many loan modifications and short sales, about eight out of nine short sales nationally fail because they don't meet the guidelines that the lender must adhere to.
Although many borrowers negotiate a short sale with their lenders before foreclosure proceedings have been filed, it is common for lenders to agree to short sales while foreclosure is pending.
Recently, some brokerages concluded short sales contracts in which they rushed to promise to sell greater number of shares than they could borrow from these stock lenders, thereby contravening regulations on short sales.
Before the TRA '97, a short sale against the box transaction generally was used to defer capital gains tax on the disposition of a long position.
If both longs and shorts decline in value, you'll still make money, as long as the purchases decline by less than the amount of short sales -- hence the term market-neutral.
The most noticeable improvement came from the REALTORS([R]) who reported short sales as "extremely difficult," dropping from 56 percent in 2011 to 34 percent in 2012.