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The basic argument of his economic sophisms was that those who benefited from the power of the state to get special privileges and benefits cloak their self-interest in a combination of outright economic fallacies (patently false ideas) and sophistry (a mixture of half right and half wrong ideas).
The sophism that I am attacking here cannot withstand the test of extended application, which is the touchstone of all theoretical principles.
a quodam dialectico ex Platonis diatriba per contumeliam propositum, 'a sophism of that kind .
2005) point out that there is a general tendency among learners to avoid analysis and as a result, sophisms and poor explanations are recurrent.
Likewise, in a chapter in his Economic Sophisms entitled "Two Systems of Ethics," Bastiat argues that traditional Christian "religious or philosophical ethics" and the "utilitarian ethics" of political economy are really two ways of arguing to the same conclusions with respect to public policy.
Pizzorno argues that the antimasque, written in honor of Francis Bacon, should be read as a celebration of the educational ideas of Bacon's Advancement- of Learning: in this late manifestation, paradox becomes the "great sophism of all sophisms" (127).
The well known sophisms cannot confuse those who look primitively and concretely at the motion of the arrow and Achilles's victory over the tortoise.
The central theme of Bastiat's writings was that the market is the source of society's harmonies, while the sophisms of special interest legislation introduce discord and injustice in society.
In other words," says the editorial, "there is no reason whatsoever for the antipatriotic obstruction, for the calls to violence, for the threats and the ideological rhetoric, the sophisms, the falsifications, and the censurable manipulation of students.
Furthermore, democratic acts of persuasion are accomplished by open and inclusive rhetorical practices that are to be distinguished from demagogy: while the latter's aim is to manipulate the others through lies, threats or sophisms, the former's goal is to make people embrace particular values and principles by means of rhetorical topoi and figures of speech.
The most important factor, Binetti said, was that Christians, scientists, and especially women, worked together to denounce the sophisms behind slogans like "vote for the liberty of research," and "for the health and self-determination of women.
Both the fanatical friends and the fevered critics of the French Revolution tended to confuse the sophisms that justified revolutionary terror with the principles that are at the foundation of free or moderate politics.