sovereignty

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Related to Sovereign nations: Sovereign state, sovereignty, National sovereignty

Sovereignty

The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived; the intentional independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign interference.

Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes; making war and peace; and forming treaties or engaging in commerce with foreign nations.

The individual states of the United States do not possess the powers of external sovereignty, such as the right to deport undesirable persons, but each does have certain attributes of internal sovereignty, such as the power to regulate the acquisition and transfer of property within its borders. The sovereignty of a state is determined with reference to the U.S. Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land.

See: authority, bureaucracy, capacity, dominance, dominion, hierarchy, home rule, influence, jurisdiction, polity, predominance, primacy, regime, supremacy

sovereignty

in UK constitutional law, the doctrine that the monarch in Parliament is competent to make or unmake any law whatsoever and cannot be challenged in any court. The doctrine developed historically, its first major enunciation being in the BILL OF RIGHTS. Possible limitations are:
  1. (i) the ACTS OF UNION;
  2. (ii) the inability of Parliament to bind its successors;
  3. (iii) territorial competence, being a practical limitation rather than a legal one.

By far the most significant restraint is found in the law of the EUROPEAN UNION, which asserts its supremacy in the ever-expanding matters subject to the Treaties. Enforcement of an Act of Parliament has been enjoined on the basis of conflict with European law. The creation of the devolved Scottish Parliament has brought about a conventional restraint of Parliament exercising its powers on matters within the devolved powers:

see SEWEL MOTION.

SOVEREIGNTY. The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state; it is a combination of all power; it is the power to do everything in a state without accountability; to make laws, to execute and to apply them: to impose and collect taxes, and, levy, contributions; to make war or peace; to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story on the Const. Sec. 207.
     2. Abstractedly, sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people. But these powers are generally exercised by delegation.
     3. When analysed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old; the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad; and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts; to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.
     4. Strictly speaking, in our republican forms of government, the absolute sovereignty of the nation is in the people of the nation; (q.v.) and the residuary sovereignty of each state, not granted to any of its public functionaries, is in the people of the state. (q.v.) 2 Dall. 471; and vide, generally, 2 Dall. 433, 455; 3 Dall. 93; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 208; 1 Toull. n. 20 Merl. Repert. h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Through crowd-funding and identifying major corporate sponsors, she is in the process of raising funds for this journey and plans on filming a documentary entitled Expedition 196 to raise awareness of World Peace among the Sovereign Nations.
A very strict definition of a naked sale would keep investors who finance public investment or companies that enter into contracts with sovereign nations or with state-owned companies from hedging the default risk of their counterparties.
District Judge Michael Hogan to dismiss the city's lawsuit, arguing that the tribe, as a sovereign nation, has immunity from being sued - although the tribe had signed a waiver agreeing to be sued in state or federal court.
The combatant commander is responsible for coordinating requests with sovereign nations within his or her area of responsibility.
Well, at least we will have several "heavy-lift" aircraft to transport them to future American armed incursions into sovereign nations around the world.
Jefferson's document, read carefully, actually declared the independence of 13 separate, sovereign nations united in a common cause against Great Britain.
Setting out the Government's position, Mrs Beckett said she wanted an EU "of sovereign nations, not a superstate", with more say for national parliaments.
Congress are not the only lawmakers who are opposing this stealth merger of three sovereign nations.
In effect, the so-called sovereign nations of Scotland and Wales and the devolved government of Northern Ireland are actually already established regions of the EU.
Some African Americans wound up members of these sovereign nations as "freedmen" and had citizenship there, if not direct bloodlines.
But Porter Goss can't tell his secret - out of respect for sovereign nations.
Treaties are supposed to be somber agreements between sovereign nations, but the tribes were no longer treated as equitably.