sovereignty

(redirected from Sovereignity)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Sovereignity: State sovereignty

Sovereignty

The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived; the intentional independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign interference.

Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes; making war and peace; and forming treaties or engaging in commerce with foreign nations.

The individual states of the United States do not possess the powers of external sovereignty, such as the right to deport undesirable persons, but each does have certain attributes of internal sovereignty, such as the power to regulate the acquisition and transfer of property within its borders. The sovereignty of a state is determined with reference to the U.S. Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land.

See: authority, bureaucracy, capacity, dominance, dominion, hierarchy, home rule, influence, jurisdiction, polity, predominance, primacy, regime, supremacy

sovereignty

in UK constitutional law, the doctrine that the monarch in Parliament is competent to make or unmake any law whatsoever and cannot be challenged in any court. The doctrine developed historically, its first major enunciation being in the BILL OF RIGHTS. Possible limitations are:
  1. (i) the ACTS OF UNION;
  2. (ii) the inability of Parliament to bind its successors;
  3. (iii) territorial competence, being a practical limitation rather than a legal one.

By far the most significant restraint is found in the law of the EUROPEAN UNION, which asserts its supremacy in the ever-expanding matters subject to the Treaties. Enforcement of an Act of Parliament has been enjoined on the basis of conflict with European law. The creation of the devolved Scottish Parliament has brought about a conventional restraint of Parliament exercising its powers on matters within the devolved powers:

see SEWEL MOTION.

SOVEREIGNTY. The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state; it is a combination of all power; it is the power to do everything in a state without accountability; to make laws, to execute and to apply them: to impose and collect taxes, and, levy, contributions; to make war or peace; to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story on the Const. Sec. 207.
     2. Abstractedly, sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people. But these powers are generally exercised by delegation.
     3. When analysed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old; the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad; and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts; to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.
     4. Strictly speaking, in our republican forms of government, the absolute sovereignty of the nation is in the people of the nation; (q.v.) and the residuary sovereignty of each state, not granted to any of its public functionaries, is in the people of the state. (q.v.) 2 Dall. 471; and vide, generally, 2 Dall. 433, 455; 3 Dall. 93; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 208; 1 Toull. n. 20 Merl. Repert. h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
At least for now, the regulations of every member state continue to apply in this field, being given the fact that the safety of the frontiers and the control of the population on the teritory of a state are being considered, from the geopolitical point of view, some of the essential characteristics of national sovereignity, that the member states are not willing to give up (Sowell, 1996: 85; Marcu; Diaconu, 2002: 57).
Chinese Attitudes to International Law: China, the Security Council, Sovereignity, and Intervention," Journal of International Law and Politics Online Forum (July 2012): 3-43.
1995), International solidarity and national sovereignity, Gorizia: Isig
For once, it seems, the talking heads might be right: India is taking sovereignity issues far too lightly -- but not on the frontiers they are referring to.
He said that drone attacks must be stopped for the sake of sovereignity of the country.
In the second section, the authors argue that criticism of R2P on the grounds that it violates sovereignity is not justified, but criticisms that it is not enforceable may be.
It was reported that the declaration of Jihad was also welcomed by the other Arab countries, including Syria and Hijaz which later acted in sending their armies to help the Ottoman Sovereignity drive the French out of Egypt (Mujani and Hj.
On his country's behalf, Palestinian agriculture minister, Walid Assaf praised Namibia's political position with respect to the Palestinian case in establishing its independence and said that optimal development wouldn't be possible if the country (Palestine) does not have the sovereignity over its natural resources such as water and land.
According to a study by the Austrian Society for European Politics (OeGfE) that was published in the Sunday edition of the newspaper (Kurier) 53 percent of those polled were in favour of giving national sovereignity to EU institutes in Brussels.
Swoboda spoke of "punitive and ideological conditions" on issues of Greek sovereignity.