office

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office

noun appointment, assigned task, berth, billet, bureau, business, capacity, charge, duty, employment, function, incumbency, job, munus, occupation, officium, partes, place of business, place of employment, position, post, profession, role, service, situation, station, trade, trust, work, work place
Associated concepts: impeachment from public office, malfeasance in office, misconduct in office, misfeasance in office, neglect of duty, nonfeasance in office, removal from office, vacancy in office
Foreign phrases: Officium nemini debet esse damnosum.An office ought to be injurious to no one. Nemo duobus utatur officiis. No one should hold two offices at the same time. Officia judicialia non concedantur antequam vaaent. Judicial offices are not to be granted or appointed beeore they become vacant.
See also: agency, appointment, bureau, business, calling, career, chamber, chapter, commission, duty, employment, firm, function, mission, obligation, occupation, organ, position, post, profession, province, pursuit, sphere, title, trade, work

OFFICE. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. Shelf. on Mortm. 797; Cruise, Dig. Index, h.t.; 3 Serg. & R. 149.
     2. Offices may be classed into civil and military.
     3.-1. Civil offices may be classed into political, judicial, and ministerial.
     4.-1. The political offices are such as are not connected immediately with the administration of justice, or the execution of the mandates of a superior officer; the office of the president of the United States, of the heads of departments, of the members of the legislature, are of this number.
     5.-2. The judicial offices are those which relate to the administration of justice, and which must be exercised by persons of sufficient skill and experience in the duties which appertain to them.
     6.-3. Ministerial offices are those which give the officer no power to judge of the matter to be done, and require him to obey the mandates of a superior. 7 Mass. 280. See 5 Wend. 170; 10 Wend. 514; 8 Vern. 512; Breese, 280. It is a general rule, that a judicial office cannot be exercised by deputy, while a ministerial may.
     7. In the United, States, the tenure of office never extends beyond good behaviour. In England, offices are public or private. The former affect the people generally, the latter are such as concern particular districts, belonging to private individuals. In the United States, all offices, according to the above definition, are public; but in another sense, employments of a private nature are also called offices; for example, the office of president of a bank, the office of director of a corporation. For the incompatibility of office, see Incompatibility; 4 S. & R. 277; 4 Inst. 100; Com. Dig. h.t., B. 7; and vide, generally, 3 Kent, Com. 362; Cruise, Dig. tit. 25; Ham. N. P. 283; 16 Vin. Ab. 101; Ayliffe's Parerg. 395; Poth. Traite des Choses, Sec. 2; Amer. Dig. h.t.; 17 S. & R. 219.
     8.-2. Military offices consist of such as are granted to soldiers or naval officers.
     9. The room in which the business of an officer is transacted is also called an office, as the land office. Vide Officer.

OFFICE, INQUEST OF. An examination into a matter by an officer in virtue of his office. Vide Inquisition.

References in periodicals archive ?
1m) grant in support of the renovation of the school's external structure, classrooms, and staff rooms at the old Kuwahama elementary school in Ishinomaki Ogatsu.
In his statement, Mr Bartlett said: "I felt so uncomfortable, I got up and left the staff room.
He said that he tried to avoid the older man, but was forced to go to the staff room despite rejecting the offer of a rendezvous.
Zakria disclosed that after continuous firing terrorists thrown hand grenades in the staff room which took the lives of two or more immediately and injured many.
RAWALPINDI -- Punjab government has released special grant of Rs 60 million for construction of additional rooms, staff rooms halls and sewerage system in 7 educational institutions in Rawalpindi.
Jason Keane snuck into a staff room after his appointment at the surgery on Skinner Street, Stockton.
Yes: there really is a secret tunnel winding beneath the classrooms, offices, playground and even the staff room at Lionfield (a nice touch
The unnamed victim is thought to be an electrician trying to fix a faulty microwave in the staff room.
But we can reveal the room where the family were staying, and where most of the injuries are believed to have occurred, was next-door to the staff room.
After spending a penny, he went into the staff room to speak to teachers.
The fire service the blaze broke out at around 1pm in a staff room on the third floor, which houses the cardiology department.
Insider hears staff were forced to shut the store while they controlled the crowds, taking Olly to a staff room upstairs for his own safety.