office

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office

noun appointment, assigned task, berth, billet, bureau, business, capacity, charge, duty, employment, function, incumbency, job, munus, occupation, officium, partes, place of business, place of employment, position, post, profession, role, service, situation, station, trade, trust, work, work place
Associated concepts: impeachment from public office, malfeasance in office, misconduct in office, misfeasance in office, neglect of duty, nonfeasance in office, removal from office, vacancy in office
Foreign phrases: Officium nemini debet esse damnosum.An office ought to be injurious to no one. Nemo duobus utatur officiis. No one should hold two offices at the same time. Officia judicialia non concedantur antequam vaaent. Judicial offices are not to be granted or appointed beeore they become vacant.
See also: agency, appointment, bureau, business, calling, career, chamber, chapter, commission, duty, employment, firm, function, mission, obligation, occupation, organ, position, post, profession, province, pursuit, sphere, title, trade, work

OFFICE. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. Shelf. on Mortm. 797; Cruise, Dig. Index, h.t.; 3 Serg. & R. 149.
     2. Offices may be classed into civil and military.
     3.-1. Civil offices may be classed into political, judicial, and ministerial.
     4.-1. The political offices are such as are not connected immediately with the administration of justice, or the execution of the mandates of a superior officer; the office of the president of the United States, of the heads of departments, of the members of the legislature, are of this number.
     5.-2. The judicial offices are those which relate to the administration of justice, and which must be exercised by persons of sufficient skill and experience in the duties which appertain to them.
     6.-3. Ministerial offices are those which give the officer no power to judge of the matter to be done, and require him to obey the mandates of a superior. 7 Mass. 280. See 5 Wend. 170; 10 Wend. 514; 8 Vern. 512; Breese, 280. It is a general rule, that a judicial office cannot be exercised by deputy, while a ministerial may.
     7. In the United, States, the tenure of office never extends beyond good behaviour. In England, offices are public or private. The former affect the people generally, the latter are such as concern particular districts, belonging to private individuals. In the United States, all offices, according to the above definition, are public; but in another sense, employments of a private nature are also called offices; for example, the office of president of a bank, the office of director of a corporation. For the incompatibility of office, see Incompatibility; 4 S. & R. 277; 4 Inst. 100; Com. Dig. h.t., B. 7; and vide, generally, 3 Kent, Com. 362; Cruise, Dig. tit. 25; Ham. N. P. 283; 16 Vin. Ab. 101; Ayliffe's Parerg. 395; Poth. Traite des Choses, Sec. 2; Amer. Dig. h.t.; 17 S. & R. 219.
     8.-2. Military offices consist of such as are granted to soldiers or naval officers.
     9. The room in which the business of an officer is transacted is also called an office, as the land office. Vide Officer.

OFFICE, INQUEST OF. An examination into a matter by an officer in virtue of his office. Vide Inquisition.

References in periodicals archive ?
Many of the state's 200-odd Catholic schools are understood to have refrigerators stocked with alcohol in staff rooms and to publicize cheap alcohol, reports the Daily Telegraph.
One of the old school buildings had its staff room on the third floor, thus the students often chatted with teachers in the staff room.
We still have a poster of him in the staff room -however he is not wearing his usual rugby kit.
They claim it was to stop thefts from the accident-and-emergency staff room.
School secretary Rhiannon Brown said: "She would discuss the contents of private letters in the staff room.
RAWALPINDI -- Punjab government has released special grant of Rs 60 million for construction of additional rooms, staff rooms halls and sewerage system in 7 educational institutions in Rawalpindi.
McGarry was seen coming out of the staff room, which was not open to residents, carrying two bags of coins.
When he got into a staff room he took three laptops and two mobile phones worth pounds 1,810.
After spending a penny, he went into the staff room to speak to teachers.
A TEENAGER had the work experience from hell when she got locked in the staff room.
London, July 28 (ANI): Swedish clothing company H and M has stated that it is taking claims of its staff members having sex romps in the stock room and staff room "extremely seriously", and is launching an investigation into it.
There are only three classrooms, one of which has to be used as a dinning hall, no IT suite, no library, no school hall and no staff room.