This guide describes issues in psychological evaluations made for the courts, including insanity and competence determinations; sentencing and civil commitment proceedings; probate and guardianship hearings; personal injury and workersAE compensation claims; juvenile delinquency and status offense
adjudications; custody and child abuse/neglect disputes; federal discrimination, Social Security, and immigration claims; and educational A mainstreamingA issues.
Of course, racial and heteronormative biases compound the problem: A 2013 study found that the likelihood of black girls being found guilty for a status offense
is almost three times greater than the likelihood for white girls, and a 2015 study showed that 41 percent of LGBTQ girls in detention were there for status offenses
, compared with about 35 percent of straight girls.
5 million delinquency cases and more than 140,000 status offense
cases that courts with juvenile jurisdiction processed in 2009.
37) The rationale for punishing this behavior as a status offense
is that truancy is often seen as a "gateway" to further criminal behavior as truants often skip school to participate in crime of some sort.
Joseph Tulman, professor of law at the University of the District of Columbia, has had great success in at keeping children facing delinquency and status offense
(truancy, ungovernable) charges in the home through ensuring their special educational needs are met.
Five youths in the treatment group were charged with a felony or misdemeanor other than shoplifting, 5 with a status offense
Regardless of the specific criminal or status offense
, delinquent adolescent females often exhibit other troubling behaviors that do not subside with adjudication, referral, or other sanctions.
So he came back and introduced a bill, essentially, to make homosexuality a crime again but turning it from a status offense
into an act.
For the most part, juvenile courts have jurisdiction over three main categories of cases: delinquency; abuse and neglect; and status offense
cases (for example, truancy and underage drinking).
Not only are status offenses
typically considered to be very minor offenses, it is also critical to note that the increase in status offense
arrests in Hawaii has largely been the product of increasingly enhanced police efforts to make these arrests (Kassebaum et al.
4) However, this research differs in significant respects from past research because it focuses on differences between the processing of delinquency and status offense
(dependency) cases, rather than simply the juvenile justice system in general.
A status offense
is an offense that only a child can commit, i.