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An itemized list of property that contains a description of each specific article.

Inventory of a company, for example, is the annual account of stock taken in the business, or the quantity of goods or materials in stock. The term is also used to describe a list made by the executor or administrator of the estate of a deceased individual.


noun catalogue, checklist, contents, enumeration, index, itemization, itemized list, list, list ofproperties, manifest, merchandise list, record, register, schedule of articles, stock book, stock list, stock sheet, tally sheet
Associated concepts: inventory of assets
See also: check, depository, enumerate, index, inspection, invoice, itemize, relate, roll, schedule, stock, store, tabulate

INVENTORY. A list, schedule, or enumeration in writing, containing, article by article, the goods and chattels, rights and credits, and, in some cases, the lands and tenements, of a person or persons. In its most common acceptation, an inventory is a conservatory act, which is made to ascertain the situation of an intestate's estate, the estate of an insolvent, and the like, for the purpose of securing it to those entitled to it.
     2. When the inventory is made of goods and estates assigned or conveyed in trust, it must include all the property conveyed.
     3. In case of intestate estates, it is required to contain only the personal property, or that to which the administrator is entitled. The claims due to the estate ought to be separated; those which are desperate or had ought to be so returned. The articles ought to be set down separately, as already mentioned, and separately valued.
     4. The inventory is to be made in the presence of at least two of the creditors of the deceased, or legatees or next of kin, and, in their default and absence, of two honest persons. The appraisers must sign it, and make oath or affirmation that the appraisement is just to the best of their knowledge. Vide, generally, 14 Vin. Ab. 465; Bac. Ab. Executors, &c., E 11; 4 Com. Dig. 14; Ayliffe's Pand. 414; Ayliffe's Parerg. 305; Com. Dig. Administration, B 7; 3 Burr. 1922; 2 Addams' Rep. 319; S. C. 2 Eccles. R. 322; Lovel. on Wills; 38; 2 Bl. Com. 514; 8 Serg. & Rawle, 128; Godolph. 150, and the article Benefit of Inventory.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fitzsimons GJ, Consumer response to stockouts, Journal of Consumer Research, 2000, 27(2):249-266.
Optimal inventory policies when stockouts result from defective products.
We neglect any feedback from inventories back to sales through, for example, stockouts.
There are three types of costs in the model: (1) holding costs calculated as given unit costs times end inventory, (2) stockout costs calculated as given unit costs times stockout level occurred, and (3) ordering costs which are calculated if the end inventory is below the re-order point defined at the beginning of the simulation.
The result, as in the case of variable lead time, is a stockout.
Potential causes for the deviation include stockouts, or delivery promises made to important customers.
If demand exceeds the quantity stocked, the firm may incur stockout costs on the inventory shortage.
A stockout avoidance motivation would favor an optimal inventory- to-sales ratio.
Even if a part possesses a satisfactory CEI value, a stockout situation may still occur.
When the second bag is broken or another compartment is empty, an order follow up is done to ensure delivery before a stockout occurs.
The success in Senegal has been dramatic-with stockout frequencies reduced from 80 percent to less than 10 percent-and is already serving as a model for other countries in the region.