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Related to Stoic philosophy: Marcus Aurelius
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It is important source of the Stoic philosophy, its important interpreter and in itself an influential work of ethics for many generations with high authority, as well.
Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy (Oxford: Clarendon Press).
For those interested in pursuing further study on either the Meditations or the Stoic philosophy of which it is a part, the translators list plenty of additional reference material in their short introduction.
Sherman's portrayal of soldiers' struggles against the backdrop of the Stoic philosophy of Aristotle, Epictetus, and Seneca is captivating.
Scorned in Stoic philosophy, the body houses the lower impulses and passions, the warring and irrational forces so difficult yet necessary to tame.
He dwells briefly on the suicides of Zeno, Cato, and Cleanthes, as well as the counsel of Musonius Rufus to die well when one can (191), but Irvine does not address the political implications of permitting practice of this aspect of Stoic philosophy in the contemporary world.
The "existentialists" may not have been given to spelling out in detail the kind of moral exercises that are necessary in order to lead a good life in the way that Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius did, but a great many of the ethical concerns one encounters in the Stoic philosophy are also ones that reappear in their writings (even when, as in the case of Heidegger, they claimed to be doing "science" and not ethics).
7) Due mainly to space constraints, but also because of my particular focus, I shall not be paying much attention to the actual nature of the Stoic philosophy spouted by Damasippus-Stertinius.
Recall that the passions (or affections, as Lipsius calls them) so dangerous to Christian reason spring, according to Stoic philosophy, from incorrect judgments, that is, opinions rather than the things themselves.
At stake in this discussion is how we understand the nature of Stoic philosophy and the new form of life it seeks to foster.
Stoic philosophy, on the other hand, replaces the notion of place with the abstract and undifferentiated notion of space.
If you've read the Meditations--the book of Stoic philosophy that's the best-known of Marcus Aurelius' works--but have never heard of these letters, don't worry.