Supra


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Supra

[Latin, Above; beyond.] A term used in legal research to indicate that the matter under current consideration has appeared in the preceding pages of the text in which the reference is made.

supra

(sooh-prah) Latin for "above," in legal briefs and decisions it refers to the citation of a court decision which has been previously mentioned. Thus a case when first cited will be referred to as Guinn v. United States, (1915) 238 U. S. 347, meaning it can be found in volume 238 of the United States Reports (of the Supreme Court) at page 347 and was decided in 1915. The next time the case is cited as Guinn v. United States, supra.

References in periodicals archive ?
HOME GUARD, supra note 18, [paragraph] 42(d); SELECT HOME WARRANTY, supra note 18, [paragraph] 9.
147) See SECURE HOME WARRANTY, supra note 18, [section] I(A)(5).
RESIDENTIAL WARRANTY, supra note 18, [section] VII(4); ASSURANT SOLUTIONS, supra note 18, [paragraph] 21(C); FIRST AM.
HOME WARRANTY, supra note 18; CHOICE HOME WARRANTY, supra note 18, [section] G(3); TOTALPROTECT HOME WARRANTY, supra note 18, [section] IV(19).
111, 112 (2014); see also KLYZA & SOUSA, supra note 13, at 31 (noting that "[l]egislative gridlock is a feature of modern environmental policymaking"); Zellmer, supra note 3, at 2325, 2372, 2379; Andrews, supra note 2, at 225, 255; Sam Kalen, Dormancy Versus Innovation: A Next Generation Dormant Commerce Clause, 65 OKLA.
675, 675 (2003); Adler, supra note 6, at 253-54; Zellmer, supra note 3, at 2324.
See ANDREWS, supra note 9, at 252-53 (describing the success of the national regulatory framework in reducing air, water, automobile and other emissions, but noting the limitations in achieving long-term solutions to pollution); Coglianese, Social Movements, supra note 3, at 98-99 (attributing significant drops of the levels of carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and lead in the air, as well as water quality improvements, to the legislation and regulations imposed since the 1970s, but noting that there are still several environmental problems remaining); see also Michael E.
Andrews, supra note 2, at 254; Ruhl, supra note 98, at 22; Kraft & Vig, supra note 97, at 23; J.
CARTER, The Human Brain, supra note 72, at 12-13; Gibb, supra note 57, at 26-27; Horstman, Brave New Brain, supra note 59, at 73-74, 78; SWEENEY, supra note 74, at 29.
See MEDINA, supra note 30, at 66; Sirkin, supra note 121, at 39.
Horstman, Brave New Brain, supra note 59, at 8; Sweeney, supra note 74, at 294.
Horstman, Brave new Brain, supra note 59, at 11; see LeDOUX, supra note 89, at 9.