duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

duty

(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.

duty

(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
The United States lifted the tariff rate quota imposed against lamb imports from Australia and New Zealand on 15 November 2001 after losing an appeal to the World Trade Organisation.
We assume that the domestic government sets a tariff rate prior to the time period one quantity decision of the domestic firm and maintains that rate over the course of the game.
The union applies the 11 percent tariff rate and the non-union country (country 2) the 10 percent tariff rate.
The second parking category includes all parking spaces that continue to be subject to the previous tariff rates.
The administration's plan gave an extra tariff protection against the existing level of lamb imports, imposed high tariff rates closer to the ASI demands on the above-quota imports, and set a slightly slower rate of increase for the tariff quota than the ITC plan.
Shenhua Group of China quit the project in Thar coal field because the former government of Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz had backed out of already decided tariff rates of 5.
Colombia's applied tariff rates ranging from 5 to 20 percent.
1, the secretary of agriculture announces the quantity of sugar that may be imported at the preferential in-quota tariff rate during that fiscal year.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) takes note of a range of ''disruptions to competition'' seen in Japan's farm trading practices, such as high tariff rates and large subsidies to farmers, according to a WTO secretariat report compiled recently.
Any developed nation that has a tariff rate of that sort really ought to think again.
Estimated annual energy and demand-charge cost savings, based on the Nevada Power Company tariff rate were $1,598, $1,775, and $432 for the "up" escalator, "down" escalator and elevator system, respectively.
Under the agreement, the EU will adjust the definition of tariff rate quota of 4,000 tonnes for high quality meat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen' as allocated to Uruguay.