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A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.


n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)


(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.


(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
Even though tariff rates have dropped from 43p to 15.
Irwin attributes them to the fact that most tariffs were set in dollars and cents rather than as percentages of prices and, with massive deflation, tariff rates as a percent of import prices rose and would have risen even absent Smoot-Hawley.
Recall also that the tariff rate on M1 (M2) in Figure 3 is the tariff rate on M2 (M1) in Figure 2.
The rise in the tariff rate only destroys life in the Far East,'' he said.
The benefit of indirect trade for the purposes of evading tariffs is increasing in the value of tariffs evaded, and hence the tariff rate.
Column 3 of table 4 shows "amended tariff rates," which is defined here as tariff revenue divided by all imports plus the earnings of the foreign born--the recalculated tariff rate in light of immigration.
Under the GSP, Thai fresh shrimp and preserved shrimp enjoyed a tariff rate of about 4.
Maybe we will see light at the end of the tunnel when the tariff rate quota expires next year, however, we'll continue to lose business if the ITC approves new duties.
The average tariff rate for Southeast Asian nations is 20% to 30%, while that for Japan is 1.
The tariff rate proscription was operative for only four years, years marked by a devastating war, which the Confederacy lost.
On Wednesday, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation said the top 26% tariff rate will apply to hot-rolled and cold-rolled steel sheets, while tin-plated steel plates will carry an extra 25% tariff rate.