tenure

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Tenure

A right, term, or mode of holding or occupying something of value for a period of time.

In feudal law, the principal mode or system by which a person held land from a superior in exchange for the rendition of service and loyalty to the grantor.

The status given to an educator who has satisfactorily completed teaching for a trial period and is, therefore, protected against summary dismissal by the employer.

A length of time during which an individual has a right to occupy a public or private office.

In a general sense, the term tenure describes the length of time that a person holds a job, position, or something of value. In the context of academic employment, tenure refers to a faculty appointment for an indefinite period of time. When an academic institution gives tenure to an educator, it gives up the right to terminate that person without good cause.

In medieval England, tenure referred to the prevailing system of land ownership and land possession. Under the tenure system, a landholder, called a tenant, held land at the will of a lord, who gave the tenant possession of the land in exchange for a good or service provided by the tenant. The various types of arrangements between the tenant and lord were called tenures. The most common tenures provided for military service, agricultural work, economic tribute, or religious duties in exchange for land.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

tenure

n. 1) in real property, the right to possess the property. 2) in employment contracts, particularly of public employees like school teachers or professors, a guaranteed right to a job (barring substantial inability to perform or some wrongful act) once a probationary period has passed.

tenure

noun duration, holding, occupancy, period, possessio, possidere, regime, term
Associated concepts: tenure in office
Foreign phrases: Tenura est pactio contra communem feudi naturam ac rationem, in contractu interposita.Tenure is a compact contrary to the common nature and reason of the fee, put into a contract.
See also: domain, duration, enjoyment, occupancy, occupation, ownership, period, phase, possession, right, seisin, tenancy, term, time, title, use

tenure

the holding or occupying of property, especially realty, in return for services rendered, etc. See, for example FEUDAL SYSTEM.

TENURE, estates. The manner in which lands or tenements are holden.
     2. According to the English law, all lands are held mediately or immediately from the king, as lord paramount and supreme proprietor of all the lands in the kingdom. Co. Litt. 1 b, 65 a; 2 Bl. Com. 105.
     3. The idea of tenure; pervades, to a considerable degree, the law of real property in the several states; the title to land is essentially allodial, and every tenant in fee simple has an absolute and perfect title, yet in technical language, his estate is called an estate in fee simple, and the tenure free and common socage. 3 Kent, Com. 289, 290. In the states formed out of the North Western Territory, it seems that the doctrine of tenures is not in force, and that real estate is owned by an absolute and allodial title. This is owing to the wise provisions on this subject contained in the celebrated ordinance of 1787. Am. Jur. No. 21, p. 94, 5. In New York, 1 Rev. St. 718; Pennsylvania, 5 Rawle, R. 112; Connecticut, 1 Rev. L. 348 and Michigan, Mich. L. 393, feudal tenures have been abolished, and lands are held by allodial titles. South Carolina has adopted the statute, 12 C. II., c. 24, which established in England the tenure of free and common socage. 1 Brev. Dig. 136. Vide Wright on Tenures; Bro. h.t.; Treatises of Feuds and Tenures by Knight's service; 20 Vin Ab. 201; Com. Dig. h.t.; Bac. Ab. h. Thom. Co. Litt. Index, h.t.; Sulliv. Lect. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Participants coped with the stress and challenge of the first years on the tenure track in various ways.
This track is really a way to be able to take advantage of individuals who have a lot of skills but want to focus a little more narrowly than is required by a tenure track.
Table 2 shows the academic rank advertised by tenure track candidates and positions from June, 1989 through June, 2010.
According to Parsad and Zimbler (2002), the numbers of female faculty in tenure track positions at four-year institutions has declined from 30% in 1992 to 25% in 1998.
Second, this model assumes that a substantial number of positions will remain on the tenure track so that the academic freedom of the school will be protected.
Although these realities seriously compromise the ability of faculty off the tenure track to work effectively, the impact of this exploitation extends beyond these immediate circumstances.
The increase in the number of full-time faculty members not on the tenure track has been accompanied by an increase in the number of part-time faculty (also usually not on the tenure track).
The Department of Computing & Information Sciences at Kansas State University invites applications for a tenure track position beginning in September 1994.
A business professional without an extensive research record will find it difficult to obtain a tenure track position at one of these institutions.
While tenure remains the most tangible goal for many individuals who forge careers in academia, those who don't fit into the traditional model are carving enduring careers off the tenure track.
69) The committee ultimately drafted a Proposal to Convert Legal Practice/405(c) Positions to the Tenure Track, and once the Proposal was approved by the faculty, drafted the revised rules in the Faculty Handbook.
Having spent considerable time interviewing the key players and reviewing reams of documents pertaining to the decision to refuse a tenure track position to Steven Salaita, the academic better known now for his tweets than for his scholarship, the faculty Committee on Academic Freedom and Tenure at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign released its report last week, just a moment before Christmas.