test case

(redirected from Test script)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Test Case

A suit brought specifically for the establishment of an important legal right or principle.

The term test case describes a case that tests the validity of a particular law. Test cases are useful because they establish legal rights or principles and thereby serve as precedent for future similar cases. Test cases save the judicial system the time and expense of conducting proceedings for each and every case that involves the same issue or issues.

To illustrate, assume that Congress passes a law that makes using a cellular phone while driving a misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in jail and a fine of $10,000. Such a law would likely be challenged by a large number of cell phone owners, all of whom are in essentially identical circumstances and all of whom have the same arguments against the law. In such a situation, attorneys representing the plaintiffs might look for a case with a sympathetic set of facts with which to challenge the law. For example, they might select a case involving a driver who was charged with violating the law when she used her cell phone to request medical assistance for a family member. Other observant law firms would postpone or otherwise delay their own similar cases to wait for the outcome of the test case.

A test case need not concern a new law. Suppose, for example, an attorney or client is dissatisfied with the current state of a particular law and has strong arguments in favor of changing it. If the facts of the case give the attorney or client a good chance of prevailing, the case may be called a test case because the outcome would change the law for future persons in similar circumstances.

In some cases, a person may choose to violate an existing law to provoke a lawsuit, prosecution, or penalty. The person may then challenge the lawsuit, prosecution, or penalty and use the case to try and change the law through a judicial opinion. In Druker v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 697 F.2d 46 (2d Cir. 1982), cert. den., 461 U.S. 957, 103 S. Ct. 2429, 77 L. Ed. 2d 1316 (1983), for example, James O. and Joan Druker, a married couple, intentionally used the lower tax rates for unmarried individuals in computing their 1975 and 1976 Income Tax because they believed the federal tax scheme was unconstitutional under the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Before the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) could take action against the Drukers, the Drukers filed suit against the commissioner of the IRS. The Drukers were unsuccessful, but had they received a favorable disposition, they would have succeeded in changing the law on federal taxation of married couples.


Case Law; Stare Decisis.

See: criterion

test case

References in periodicals archive ?
5, particularly in its breadth of test scripts, media output, and general ease of use, we are providing a revolutionary testing tool that will enable the development and QA of the new generation of advanced packet-based communications solutions.
Users can develop custom test scripts in other ways, including a free programming tool called Test Script Builder that helps users create, modify, debug, and store TSP scripts using its simple command language.
With the integration of OnDemand Personal Navigator and Mercury Test Director, the testing phase can be reduced by at least 20 percent over creating test scripts manually.
Provides automatic generation of extensible test scripts in either Java or JavaScript
Wind River UX Test Development Kit tests are reusable across hardware configuration and software versions, helping to decrease the effort to build test scripts for new use cases by as much as 70 percent.
Coradiant TrueSight Load Test Adapter simplifies the testing process by identifying the most common click paths and generating the corresponding test scripts," said Fred Dumoulin, vice president of product management at Coradiant.
Automatically generate validation test scripts from real end-user sessions, capturing actual user paths, load and inputs; -- Parameterize select input fields to capture a critical variety of inputs to test common and boundary conditions; -- Leverage aggregate real-user session data to model real-user paths and load; -- Capture the load testing script activity during validation to ensure tests meet their testing goals; -- Capture load testing script activity during validation to alert, drill-down, recreate and isolate failures -- both with scripts and the application breaking due to scripts.
0 records test scripts for both 32- and 16-bit applications on Windows 95.
A basic function of the software is to create test scripts that automatically verify a set of transactions.
Those same test scripts can later be executed in a production environment, using Empirix's OneSight proactive monitoring solution, to ensure quality of live applications and infrastructure.
This release also includes improved performance of Java application startup procedures, increased speed and accuracy when searching for Java controls, and variable data support for checkpoints in Java test scripts.
20 release of IxScriptMate completes the test "plug-in interface," which allows customers or Ixia Custom Engineering (ICE) resources to develop test scripts that snap into the IxScriptMate framework.