Admiralty

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admiralty

n. concerning activities which occur at sea, including on small boats and ships innavigable bays. Admiralty law (maritime law) includes accidents and injuries at sea, maritime contracts and commerce, alleged violations of rules of the sea over shipping lanes and rights-of-way, and mutiny and other crimes on shipboard. Jurisdiction over all these matters rests in the Federal Courts, which do not use juries in admiralty cases. There are other special rules in processing maritime cases, which are often handled by admiralty law specialists. Lawyers appearing in admiralty cases are called "proctors." (See: maritime law)

ADMIRALTY. The name of a jurisdiction which takes cognizance of suits or actions which arise in consequence of acts done upon or relating to the sea; or, in other words, of all transactions and proceedings relative to commerce and navigation, and to damages or injuries upon the sea. 2 Gall. R. 468. In the great maritime nations of Europe, the term "admiralty jurisdiction," is, uniformly applied to courts exercising jurisdiction over maritime contracts and concerns. It is as familiarly known among the jurists of Scotland, France, Holland and Spain, as of England, and applied to their own courts, possessing substantially the same jurisdiction as the English Admiralty had in the reign of Edward III. Ibid., and the authorities there cited; and see, also, Bac. Ab. Court of Admiralty; Merl. Repert. h.t. Encyclopedie, h.t.; 1 Dall. 323.
     2. The Constitution of the United States has delegated to the courts of the national government cognizance "of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;" and the act of September 24, 1789, ch. 20 s. 9, has given the district court" cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction," including all seizures under laws of imposts, navigation or trade of the United States, where the seizures are made on waters navigable from the sea, by vessels of ten or more tons burden, within their respective districts, as well as upon the high seas.
     3. It is not within the plan of this work to enlarge upon this subject.

References in periodicals archive ?
The unconditional appearance by the shipowner as formal submission to the admiralty jurisdiction is thus no longer required.
When Nelson defeated the French and Spaniards at Trafalgar in 1805, the Admiralty became a power unto itself.
He'll also describe how Churchill's time at the Admiralty was characterised by his hands-on meddling.
Examiners concluded that the 47 consumer loans originated by the Admiralty Bank since its previous performance evaluation constituted a significant volume of consumer loans for a bank its size.
10) This duty requires that the admiralty judges declare the governing principles of maritime law.
Indeed, the experience gained from efforts to extend admiralty jurisdiction to the Great Lakes, both before and after Confederation, and reactions to those efforts in Great Britain and Canada influenced the shape of the debate that ensued prior to the selection of the Exchequer Court of Canada as the admiralty court.
The seminar covered: Retraction of Uberrimae Fidei in Admiralty Under the UK Insurance Act of 2015, presented by Attilio Costabel, Robert Gardana, and Michelle Otero Valdes, past chair; The McCorpen Defense in Light of Meche, presented by Steven Moon, past chair, and Ryon Little; Arbitrability of Crew Claims in Italy & the Philippines, presented by Stefano Ghibellini (who appeared from Italy via Skype), Luis Ayala and Carlos Felipe Llinas Negret; Ship Owners' Duty to Provide Medical Care: The Impact of Franza, presented by Andrew Waks, past chair; and an Ethics Update for the Admiralty Attorney, presented by Danielle T.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission released a minor, pilot project license for the Admiralty Island project, allowing construction, operation, and maintenance of the project for a phase of 10 years.
importance in light of the Admiralty Clause of the Constitution.
GREAT WAR 100 The captain of the Megantic immediately dispatched a wireless message, which was received by the Admiralty at Queenstown.
The UKHO produces a worldwide series of some 3,500 paper nautical charts, 200 publications under the ADMIRALTY brand and Electronic Navigational Charts (ENCs).
6) In an effort to modernize admiralty law and prevent the dismissal of valid claims for procedural technicalities, (7) the admiralty and civil dockets were unified in 1966.

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