Tiriki presents a unique case study because floating L tones in the downstep contexts are independently motivated, yet in most cases these L tones are crucially absent from the underlying representation (since there is a contrast between underlyingly
prespecified L tone and O).
In moraic theory, a geminate is defined as a consonant underlyingly
linked to a mora.
The other one focuses on the oral phase of what are taken to be underlyingly
nasal consonants, explaining its emergence as an enhancement strategy to maintain a neat oral/nasal contrast for vowels.
Without going into detail, it is clear that each of the structures allows a different set of transformations, which brings to light their underlyingly
VH and CH show the same 3/4 property, except: (i) root-control is more prevalent in VH than in CH; (ii) VH is more likely to target a reduced segment (vowel) than CH; (iii) CH may apply to underlyingly
contrastive consonants (e.
He chooses to view the apical vowels [Z] and [r] as separate phonemes arising from consonantal prolongation, and treats the zero onset as underlyingly
empty but filled by [?
roots lacking a full vowel underlyingly
(2a), but prefixed to bases which are CV-initial (2b) (Black 1996: 210 ff.
For example, Bolozky describes the important finding that most so-called segolates, nouns of the form CVCVC, do not have CVCC alternants and so should not be analyzed as underlyingly
monovocalic nouns with an epethen tic second vowel (p.
I show that apparently bisyllabic inflectional affixes must either be decomposed into different markers or are underlyingly
monosyllabic, and develop a ranking of optimality-theoretic alignment constraints implementing the construction algorithm for the phonological word in formal detail.
selavu `expense(s)', and varavu `income', are underlyingly
/celap/ and /varap/ respectively, with LENITION to [v] either late in the lexical derivation or in the post-lexical component itself.
Even a system that follows the convention in (32) underlyingly
assumes correspondence below the PPh level.
There is disagreement over whether a long vowel is associated underlyingly
with two moras (the view taken by, for example, Hyman 1985 and Hayes 1989), or just one, with the other being supplied by default (e.