forced labor

(redirected from Unfree labour)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
See: bondage
References in periodicals archive ?
He sidesteps the question about how proletarian should be defined, and whether so many types of free and unfree labour may be included within that descriptor.
It was ultimately through the introduction of unfree labour to Swan River in 1850 that capitalist social relations were able to advance, and almost 10,000 convicts were relocated to the location by 1868, when transportation ceased (Battye, 1924: 197).
Coghlan contemplated convicts as the 'colonising material' for a unique and unlikely industrial entity, tracing in fine detail the evolving nature of workplace conditions and regulations and offering the first comprehensive account of the assignment system, which he considered a novel and largely successful means of managing unfree labour.
1982) Workers in Bondage: The Origins and Bases of Unfree Labour in Queensland 1824-1916, University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.
Convict Australia was an unfree labour system but it was not as efficient as implied by Stephen Nicholas and Peter Shergold, of the Convict Workers school of thought, who have argued that only physically fit, healthy and productive convicts were selected for transportation.
With the cessation of convict transportation Innes' unfree labour force dried up while the colony fell into recession.
Above all," as Sucheta Mazumdar notes, "new states and institutions marking borders and passports developed only after the slave trade ended" and in a context in which migrants and migrations continued to be shaped by the continuing legacy of slavery, apartheid, and diverse forms of unfree labour.
His monumental Brasil Pitoresco (1859), produced in collaboration with fellow Republican writer, Charles Ribeyrolles, recorded urban and provincial Rio de Janeiro, including images of unfree labour.
The contributing authors explain how legislation differed for free and unfree labour and that the purpose of master/servant legislation was to make the labour supply and its performance more reliable.
And, yes, there are many variations of unfree labour and the inability to voluntarily withdraw it, as a recent report by Christian Aid illustrates with its examples of indebted farmers in India selling 'themselves into bonded labour to pay off their debts'
According to the International Labour Organization (2011), other forms of unfree labour encompass 12 million people who create profits of US$44 billion per year.