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If the principle of universalizability does not preclude a personalist approach to morality, Sen's account of public reasoning has a basic problem because he wants to show that "the impartiality of evaluation can provide an understandable and plausible idea of objectivity in moral and political philosophy" (2009, 118).
228) The general debate--whether universalizability is a very different concept in Hare's philosophy than it is in Kant's, whether Hare successfully demonstrates the compatibility of universal prescriptivism and utilitarianism, and so on--has to be left to one side.
To do that, he devotes the rest of the book to a discussion of various aspects of legal reasoning, including the role of deductive reasoning, the requirement of universalizability, the nature and importance of consequentialist arguments, the ranking of the various interpretive arguments, the use and weight of precedents, the idea of reasonableness, the concepts of coherence and defeasibility, and the possibility of judicial mistakes.
Gay-rights also involve claims of universalizability.
Morality is predominantly regulated according to the going norms in society as a whole which, as far as orientation to universalizability is concerned, focus on short-term considerations of utility rather than taking on the long-term perspective of a life-preserving overall coherence.
Although other scholars have started with Flathman's universalizability principle, they have focused instead on the recurring constitutional values that public servants appeal to when they use the phrase "in the public interest.
Apart from one chapter on universalizability and consistency, W.
16) See John Deigh, Empathy and Universalizability, 105 ETHics 743 (1995) (discussing the responsibility of psychopaths and the role of empathy in moral judgment).
On the one hand is needed a view of human motivation which does not rely exclusively on self-interest maximization; but also models economic agents as responding as much to moral values--like impartiality, universalizability, sympathy, and commitment--as to the egoistic drives.
Such norms cannot be applied consistently to all persons in all times and places, and therefore fail the universalizability test.
Turning next to Kant's practical philosophy, chapter 5 argues that all five of Kant's formulations of the Categorical Imperative can be derived from the Formula of Humanity as an End, inasmuch as the very idea of universalizability serving as a test of morality arises from the conception of humanity as an end in itself.
versions of the Golden Rule that are not limited by family, neighbor, religion, nationality, or species, versions of the utilitarian principle that include all sentient beings in the calculation, or some sort of universalizability principle that applies to all rational beings).