road

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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
Scatter plots showed how the production cost changed with the corresponding value changes in the tested variables, which included one-way spur road distance, unpaved road distance, highway distance, and skidding distance.
BETHLEHEM, July 23, 2012 (WAFA) -- Israeli settlers Monday destroyed tens of trees and opened an unpaved road in private Palestinian land in al-Khader, a town south of Bethlehem, according to a local activist.
MUSCAT: Vehicle overturned on the unpaved road at Meladah in the wilayat of Musannah yesterday leading to the death of a citizen.
Although primarily designed for on-road riding, the Ulysses does give its rider the ability to travel over dirt, gravel and other unpaved road surfaces with confidence.
Head east twenty more miles to Las Margaritas and then continue on a rocky, unpaved road that begins to resemble a mountain trail.
Soon you'll head down an unpaved road, then turn left and follow paved McCullough Road briefly before rejoining the Coastal Trail as it descends on a wide unpaved road into the valley.
Hainge Road is currently a narrow unpaved road with poor drainage.
He linked the accident to the unpaved road and careless driving, saying.
An Emirati border guard testified that he spotted a queue of seven trucks being driven slowly on an unpaved road in the Masafi Area.
Miguel says results would be similar, if not worse, on unpaved roads, especially if it's a frequently traveled unpaved road in an agricultural area, where pollens and other plant matter would be prevalent on roadways.
Drive south on Coastal Road (named only on English maps); where it cuts west to recross the island, continue south 4 kilometers (about 2 miles) on an unpaved road to the lighthouse at Punta Celarain, where a few soldiers stand guard.
In addition, at the exit of the town is calculated with the restoration asfaltobetonoveho cover and finish unpaved road shoulders and adjacent ditches with culverts in the length of about 223 m.