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Related to Vegetative state: Minimally conscious state
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46) Ultimately, these concerns will have to be delicately balanced when selecting the most appropriate technology for communicating with vegetative state patients.
The 39-year-old from Ontario, Canada, had been in a vegetative state for 12 years after a car accident.
Sister Carol said the latest Vatican documents make clear that "the provision of artificially administered nutrition and hydration to patients in a vegetative state is morally obligatory except when they cannot be assimilated by the patient's body (and, hence, don't achieve their purpose) or cause significant discomfort.
After she spent four years in a persistent vegetative state, her parents finally decided it was time to let go.
Clinically, she had an exam consistent with being in a vegetative state save for visual fixation, which is considered a sign of evolving recovery in some diagnostic frameworks.
For example, a patient may present in a coma, then pass through the vegetative state to the minimally conscious state, and finally return to a state of normalcy.
Ironically, for 15 years in a persistent vegetative state (no human brain function), Schiavo was kept alive with tube feedings.
Michael Schiavo's 41-year-old wife, Terri, died on March 31 after he won a seven-year battle with her parents to remove the feeding tube that had kept her alive since a heart attack left her in a persistent vegetative state 15 years ago.
This spring Pope John Paul II, at a meeting focused on care of patients in a vegetative state, declared that "the administration of water and food, even when provided by artificial means, always represents a natural means of preserving life, not a medical act," and is, as such, "morally obligatory.
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, a persistent vegetative state is when "individuals have lost their thinking abilities and awareness of their surroundings, but retain noncognitive brain function and normal sleep patterns.
Enter, the Florida legislature and its bill to compel resumption of artificial hydration and nutrition for Terri Schiavo, a 39-year-old woman who, when the law was passed, had been in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) for 13 years.
Mr Adams has remained in a persistent vegetative state ever since the attack outside Grangetown Station on Valentine's Day 2002.