In the example no truck discussed earlier, no is an autoclitic controlled by the verbal operant truck, which is in turn controlled not by its absence, but by the presence of stimuli, which, on previous occasions, accompanied the object truck.
The verbal response that chair is big contains two tacts and the autoclitic is.
The starting point in the development of a verbal behavior intervention plan for children with ASDs is the mand (Brady, Saunders, & Spradlin, 1994; Drash, High, & Tudor, 1999; Sundberg & Michael, 2001).
Unlike mands, the four other primary verbal operants are controlled by discriminative stimuli and are maintained by nonspecific consequences, such as social attention and tangible reinforcers (Skinner, 1957).
Skinner's definition also helps us to identify behaviors of a student that are not verbal behavior.
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and its application to assessment and remediation of communication deficits.
The purpose of this commentary is to provide a brief overview of one perspective on the progress and challenges involved with developing a science of verbal behavior (Leigland, 2001).
The various effects of Skinner's (1957) book Verbal Behavior are the stuff of legend.
Behavior Is Alive and Well on the 50th Anniversary of Its Publication" (Schlinger, 2008a): (a) that I overstated the importance of the impact of Verbal
Behavior (VB; Skinner, 1957) on empirical research; (b) that I was incorrect in my assessment that Skinner's interpretation was consistent with the principles established in the laboratory; (c) that I overlooked "the ongoing debate and controversy from within behavior analysis about the consistency of Skinner's interpretation" (p.
The complexity involved in the analysis of verbal
behavior was recognized by Skinner (1979).
First, it's important to recognize that the advantages of Skinner's analysis of verbal
behavior (1957) aren't limited to just those individuals with a diagnosis of autism.
Even such basic grammatical-structural distinctions as verbal
auxiliary copula and subject noun-object noun do not hold good under experimental manipulations inherent to treatment (Hegde, 1980; Hegde, & McConn, 1978; Hegde, Noll, & Pecora, 1979; McReynolds & Engmann, 1974).