Island

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Related to Volcanic Islands: oceanic island

Island

A land area surrounded by water and remaining above sea level during high tide.

Land areas exposed only during low tide are called low-tide elevations or drying rocks, reefs, or shoals. The existence of islands has generated numerous disputes, centering primarily on the size of the territorial sea surrounding an island and the determination of what state has sovereignty over a particular island. The size of the territorial sea has become an important question affecting fishing rights and the right of unrestricted passage for foreign vessels. Although the territorial sea of an island is usually determined by reference to its coastal baseline, some adjustments have been recognized in the cases of archipelagoes and islands located close to the mainland.

Determination of what state has title to an island has traditionally depended upon an open and continuous assertion of sovereignty over the island, which is usually, but not always, accompanied by physical presence of some representative of the state.

Cross-references

Territorial Waters.

See: isolate

ISLAND. A piece of land surrounded by water.
     2. Islands are in the sea or in rivers. Those in the sea are either in the open sea, or within the boundary of some country.
     3. When new islands arise in the open sea, they belong to the first occupant: but when they are newly formed so near the shore as to be within the boundary of some state, they belong to that state.
     4. Islands which arise in rivets when in the middle of the stream, belong in equal parts to the riparian proprietors when they arise. mostly on one side, they will belong to the riparian owners up to the middle of the stream. Bract. lib. 2, c. 2; Fleta, lib. 3, c. 2, s. 6; 2 Bl. 261; 1 Swift's Dig. 111; Schult. Aq. R. 117; Woolr. on Waters: 38; 4 Pick. R. 268; Dougl. R. 441; 10 Wend. 260; 14 S. & R. 1. For the law of Louisiana, see Civil Code, art. 505, 507.
     5. The doctrine of the common law on this subject, founded on reason, seems to have been borrowed from the civil law. Vide Inst. 2, 1, 22; Dig. 41, 1, 7; Code, 7; 41, 1.

References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: The management of the marine and coastal biodiversity of mountainous volcanic islands (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu) and flat islands and atolls (Kiribati, Tonga) has improved.
And Trek the Three Volcanoes from September 10 to 15 where participants will trek Italy's volcanic islands, Vesuvius, Stromboli and Etna.
The latest additions include the rainforests of Atsinanana in Madagascar, the Sydney Opera House, Australia, the Red Fort Complex, India, a Japanese silver mine, volcanic islands in Korea and the old town of Corfu in Greece.
He documents the visits to the various islands and island groups, describes how the islands look today, and evaluates these visits in relation to the entire corpus of Darwin's' work, which includes his theory of coral reefs, his book on volcanic islands, and research into barnacles.
Name the volcanic islands located on the equator, west of Ecuador.
More frequent but possibly less damaging sources for mega-tsunamis include volcanic islands, which can collapse after eruptions deplete their internal magma reservoirs.
This isolated "village"--actually an ecologically remarkable archipelago with an exotic history that at times seems straight out of a novel-consists of several clusters of volcanic islands and one small coral islet, all of which sit atop great peaks rising from the abyssal gloom of the Pacific's floor.
Restoring the environment on the major volcanic islands of Bermuda will be even more daunting than it was on Nonsuch Island.
The 16 volcanic islands - some of which are still active - are considered one of the world's ecological treasures and tourists are only allowed to visit four of the islands.