136) Reitman supports the argument that more than deferential scrutiny is warranted to determine how the state is operating when a voter initiative
is at issue and a claim of discrimination is brought.
11) Binding voter initiatives
, on the hand, are employed
California was not the first state to allow for voter initiatives
Much of this constitutional and statutory structure has been brought about not by legislative fact-gathering and deliberation, but rather by the approval of voter initiative
measures, often funded by special interests.
Most of this service expansion is the result of the agency's ability to take advantage of voter initiatives
that expanded or reformed public policy and service delivery in the Golden State.
permitting the use of medical marijuana.
Peter Schrag's Paradise Lost (1998) makes a powerful case against the voter initiative
in the Golden State, showing how it has led to retrenchment and reaction.
Though it will require the government to hold referendums on constitutional changes or tax increases, and provides for a voter initiative
on other matters, the result is not binding on the government or legislature.
The voter initiative
process, part of the American landscape for more than 100 years, appears to be enjoying a resurgence in popularity.
On June 26, 1992, Tax Executives Institute filed the following comments with the Massachusetts Taxpayer Foundation on a pending Massachusetts voter initiative
that would require the Massachusetts Secretary of State to disclose certain information set forth on corporate tax returns filed with the Massachusetts Department of Revenue.
Prop 103, a California voter initiative
, narrowly passed in November 1988, provided for an overhaul of the state's insurance laws.
A statewide voter initiative
in 2012 legalized recreational marijuana.