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Related to Wind dispersal: Seed dispersal
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2008), although plants have not evolved specific adaptations for extreme wind dispersal.
It is frequently assumed that wind dispersal of propagules of aquatic invertebrates is inefficient and effective only over short distances (e.
Mishler points out that wind dispersal works well for mosses, liverworts, and lichens because, unlike flowering plants and ferns, many can regenerate front small asexual structures or even tiny, broken-off pieces.
Wind dispersal is a well-known method of reproduction in the plant world for seeds, pollens and virus.
Key words: dispersal distance; dispersal seasons; escape hypothesis; Pinus halepensis; recruitment; saplings, seed deposition pattern; seed dispersal; spatial analysis; spatiotemporal variation; survival, function of dispersal distance; wind dispersal.
Of the seed-dispersal mechanisms reported in the literature, wind dispersal, adhesion, bat dispersal, and bird dispersal appear to be the most likely to move seeds far enough to account for the postglacial recolonization of North America and Eurasia by plants (Table 1; Appendix).
Initial wind dispersal of winged pine seeds is well understood.
With the fire program in place, the reforestation strategy was to allow the strong, dry-season winds to blow in the seeds of native plants (23 of 321 species of local dry-forest trees use wind dispersal, according to Janzen).
Double- and single-seeded fruits of Platypodium elegans: consequences for wind dispersal and seedling growth and survival.
Climatological factors are also important, since wind dispersal is also facilitated when the release of spores is coordinated with the times of day and the seasons that are most conducive to the release and capture of particulates, and when compatible conspecifics are closely spaced.
Our low-dispersal estimates for animal-dispersal taxa [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 4 OMITTED] are consistent with lack of specialized structures for wind dispersal.