In the counter-pleadings, the officer said, Pakistan had argued that Jadhav was on active duty and the only deduction that one could make was that he was a spy sent on a special mission, adding that only a state which adheres to legitimate actions with clean hands could request the world court
to intervene in a matter between two countries.
Iran can file a suit, but the Reagan Administration ended the US willingness to face all suits filed in the World Court
, formally known as the International Court of Justice.
The message is clear: Rulings by the World Court
need to be respected.
The delegations of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, left, rise as judges enter the International Court of Justice for the start of the World Court
session in The Hague, Netherlands, Wednesday, Dec.
Bolivia's suit calls on the World Court
to obligate Chile to dialogue for a "prompt and effective" solution to the dispute.
Under existing procedures, framing questions to the World Court
is entirely a prerogative of states, either as contending parties or, as with the Kosovo opinion, operating through the UN.
Before the Supreme Court, Medellin advanced two principal arguments: First, he argued that the Avena decision of the World Court
constituted a binding judgment, which the Supreme Court was obliged to enforce.
The World Court
has ruled that the settlements are illegal.
For example, we could have a World Court
with mandatory jurisdiction for states, and we could have a Parliamentary Assembly at the UN that helps build trust among peoples to enable gradual disarmament.
More than 500 Thai and 1,000 Cambodian troops are stationed around a small pagoda in about five square kilometres of land on a mountain slope leading to Preah Vihear, which the World Court
said in 1962 belongs to Cambodia.
The world court
has issued warrants at least in 10 cases presented before it by Ocampo, including those for the mass murderers of the Balkan wars in the last decade of the last century.
He proposes alternatives to a system he believes does not work on any level, including methods of remedy and enforcement of international rights law, such as an International Civil Court and a World Court
of Human Rights.