abstain

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abstain

verb avoid, be loath, be neutral, by-pass, cease, decline, defer, desist, discontinue, dispense with, do without, eschew, forebear, forgo, hold back, keep away, keep off, let alone, not use, not vote, refrain voluntarily from, refuse, restrain oneself, shirk, shun, spare, stand aside, take no sides, turn aside from, waive, withhold
See also: abandon, decline, defer, desist, discontinue, eschew, forbear, refrain, refuse, reject, relinquish, rest, shirk, shun, withhold
References in periodicals archive ?
At 3 months follow-up, we found significant differences on NWS and craving assessment between abstainers and relapsers.
lower problem-importance ratings, more critical of the scientific merit of the risk information, and skeptical of the empirical claims) than did abstainers.
One might expect therefore that in countries with a high percentage of abstainers criticisms are more likely directed at drinkers that do not report typical symptoms of heavy or prolonged alcohol (i.
When drinking style is measured by the number of drinks consumed on a typical drinking occasion, banning alcohol on a campus located in a neighborhood with a low density of off-campus bars is associated with a 44 percent reduction in the odds that an individual will cross the threshold between abstainer and moderate drinker, and a 31 percent reduction in the odds of crossing the threshold between moderate and heavy drinking.
Males are more likely than females to appear in these clusters rather than in the abstainer cluster (Table 6).
Interestingly, they found that abstainers were also overusers of acute care but underusers of preventative services.
The abstainer tends to be more of a conformist, with worries and concerns about life in general and specifically about fitting in with others.
Studies of alcohol use among Blacks consistently have found that Blacks are more likely to be abstainers than Whites, with 29% of Black women and 16% of Black men consuming no drinks at all during a week or month (Caetano & Herd, 1984; Herd, 1987, 1990; Herd, & Grube, 1996).
Abstainers (n = 200) were defined as students who reported no use of marijuana or alcohol through the 10th grade.
Regarding the sociological theories, six classifications all indicate some differences between the two types of abstainer, though few of them are very large (Table 2) and the inter-regional differences are statistically insignificant in all contrasts.
However, while this profile represents the characteristic abstainer, these individuals do not comprise a homogeneous group with uniform attitudes toward alcohol and alcohol use.
But in instances where the male present is an abstainer, it would lead to a higher percentage of such offers emanating from females, as seen in this data.