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Unfortunately for our purposes, the same form, -ende, is used for all genders, singular and plural, nominative and accusative, save the masculine accusative singular.
Perhaps partly for these reasons, the assignment by previous authors of "transitivity" to nominals in Old Avestan is almost entirely restricted to those that appear to govern the accusative case.
Interestingly, the displacement of the internal argument, the THEME of those constructions to which the ACCUSATIVE case is assigned, to a VP external position (a subject position in traditional terms) also forces essere as auxiliary as shown in (25)-(28):
The splits are captured by a pair of implicational generalizations: If an object is marked with accusative case in a particular language, then any NP higher in the animacy scale will also be marked accusative.
These are nominatives; the accusatives are laeswe and sinwe.
The possessive lative and possessive accusative forms are glossed as follows: [case][number of possessed][person of possessor][number of possessor], e.
On the other hand, the predicted head hypothesis predicts no difference at the accusative position among any of the conditions, because all conditions have the same number of predicted heads at the preverbal position: two verbs and a complementizer.
First, the la- marks a predicate, either nominal or verbal; and second, in most cases the complementizer innalanna is followed either by an accusative noun or a bound pronoun (in accusative form).
The noun corpus consists of 15 Old English disyllabic neuter a-stems, each of which is categorized as such by Brunner--Sievers (1965: 199-200), Wright--Wright (1925: 181-182), and Campbell (1959: 226-229) and is known to be attested in Old English in the nominative plural or the accusative plural on at least one occasion (cf.
Turgesco with an accusative is an unremarked oddity;(52) bulla is very odd in reference to bulbs.
A noticeable feature of the cakri-type is its ability to take accusative and dative objects if the corresponding verbal root is transitive, as well as adverbial modifiers.
On the basis of such examples, I postulate that the C-position is an accusative Case-licensing position and that one overt morpheme can realise the Case properties of this position, i.