acquiescence


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Acquiescence

Conduct recognizing the existence of a transaction and intended to permit the transaction to be carried into effect; a tacit agreement; consent inferred from silence.

For example, a new beer company is concerned that the proposed label for its beer might infringe on the trademark of its competitor. It submits the label to its competitor's general counsel, who does not object to its use. The new company files an application in the Patent and Trademark Office to register the label as its trademark and starts to use the label on the market. The competitor does not file any objection in the Patent Office. Several years later, the competitor sues the new company for infringing on its trademark and demands an accounting of the new company's profits for the years it has been using the label. A court will refuse the accounting, since by its acquiescence the competitor tacitly approved the use of the label. The competitor, however, might be entitled to an Injunction barring the new company from further use of its trademark if it is so similar to the competitor's label as to amount to an infringement.

Similarly, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) may acquiesce or refuse to acquiesce to an adverse ruling by the u.s. tax court or another lower federal court. The IRS is not bound to change its policies due to an adverse ruling by a federal court with the exception of the U.S. Supreme Court. The chief counsel of the IRS may determine that the commissioner of the IRS should acquiesce to an adverse decision, however, thus adopting the ruling as the policy of the IRS. The decision whether to acquiesce to an adverse ruling is published by the Internal Revenue Service as an Action on Decision.

Acquiescence is not the same as Laches, a failure to do what the law requires to protect one's rights, under circumstances misleading or prejudicing the person being sued. Acquiescence relates to inaction during the performance of an act. In the example given above, the failure of the competitor's general counsel to object to the use of the label and to the registration of the label as a trademark in the Patent and Trademark Office is acquiescence. Failure to sue the company until after several years had elapsed from the first time the label had been used is laches.

acquiescence

noun accedence, acceptance, accession, accordance, acknowledgment, agreement, allowance, assent, compliance, concession, concordance, consent, grant, implied consent, nonresistance, observance, passive agreement, passive consent, permission, permittance, sanction, subjection, submission, submissiveness, submittal, sufferance, tacit assent, willingness
Associated concepts: acquiescence in judgment, acquiessence to a breach of contract, acquiescence to a breach of covenant, acquiescence to boundaries, acquiescence to the terms of a contract, ratification by acquiescence
Foreign phrases: Agentes et consentientes pari poena plectentur.Acting and consenting parties are liable to the same punishment. Longa patientia trahitur ad consennum. Long suf ferance is interpreted as consent.
See also: acceptance, acknowledgment, affirmance, affirmation, agreement, amenability, approval, assent, capitulation, charter, compliance, compromise, concession, confession, confirmation, conformity, consent, deference, discipline, dispensation, exception, indorsement, indulgence, leave, permission, resignation, sanction

acquiescence

the tacit approval of conduct that might otherwise have provided grounds for an action but which cannot be objected to if undertaken with the consent of the party affected. Consent may be express or implied, and one circumstance where consent may be implied is where the party affected, in full knowledge of his rights, takes no action.

ACQUIESCENCE, contracts. The consent which is impliedly given by one or both parties, to a proposition, a clause, a condition, a judgment, or to any act whatever.
    2. When a party is bound to elect between a paramount right and a testamentary disposition, his acquiescence in a state of things which indicates an election, when he was aware of his rights will be prima facie evidence of such election. Vide 2 Ves. Jr. 371; 12 Ves. 136 1 Ves. Jr. 335; 3 P. Wms. 315. 2 Rop. Leg. 439.
    3. The acts of acquiescence which constitute an implied election, must be decided rather by the circumstances of each case than by any general principle. 1 Swanst. R. 382, note, and the numerous cases there cited.
    4. Acquiescence in the acts of an agent, or one who has assumed that character, will be equivalent to an express authority. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1309; Kent, Com. 478; Story on Eq. Sec. 255; 4 W. C. C. R. 559; 6 Miss. R. Sec. 193; 1 John. Cas. 110; 2 John. Cas. 424 Liv. on Ag. 45; Paley on, Ag. by Lloyd, 41 Pet. R. 69, 81; 12 John. R. 300; 3 Cowen's R. 281; 3 Pick. R. 495, 505; 4 Mason's R. 296. Acquiescence differs from assent. (q.v.)

References in classic literature ?
and other such weighty utterances as imply attention, inquiry, acquiescence, or dissent on the part of the auditor.
The host swallowed another bumper, by way of denoting thorough comprehension and acquiescence, and the visiter continued.
Tulkinghorn returns methodically as he softly rubs his hands, "I should like to be assured of your acquiescence in my arrangements, Lady Dedlock.
In that interval the plan was completed, and as soon as she came again, her agreement was demanded; but instead of the gay acquiescence expected by Isabella, Catherine looked grave, was very sorry, but could not go.
With her as hostage I could force acquiescence to my every demand.
The other thern turned toward him in evident surprise, but when Lakor had whispered a few brief words into his ear he, too, drew back and nodded acquiescence to his superior's suggestion.
At last he brought her to a sulky acquiescence in which she promised to do all he advised.
He seemed to greet the lapse of minute after minute with stern acquiescence in the inevitable order.
acquiescence in whatever fate may send me--a cheerful acquiescence.
Nor did he dream that her low acquiescence was due, as much as anything else, to the beads of sweat on his forehead, his trembling hand, and his all too-evident general distress.
Ford, with an expression on his mobile features of mediate and happy acquiescence, started to reach for his pocket, then turned suddenly to Mr.
I nodded comprehension of his statement, and acquiescence in it, as a man should nod who knows all about men.