affinity

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Affinity

The relationship that a person has to the blood relatives of a spouse by virtue of the marriage.

The doctrine of affinity developed from a Maxim of Canon Law that a Husband and Wife were made one by their marriage. There are three types of affinity. Direct affinity exists between the husband and his wife's relations by blood, or between the wife and the husband's relations by blood. Secondary affinity is between a spouse and the other spouse's relatives by marriage. Collateral affinity exists between a spouse and the relatives of the other spouse's relatives. The determination of affinity is important in various legal matters, such as deciding whether to prosecute a person for Incest or whether to disqualify a juror for bias.

affinity

(Family ties), noun affiliation, ancestry, blood relative, brethren, clan, cognatio, cognation, common annestry, coniunctio, connection, consanguinitas, family, family connection, filiation, heritage, kindred, kinship, lineage, linkage, necessitudo, offspring, parentage, propinquitas, relation, relation by blood, relationship, tribe
Associated concepts: challenge to a prospective juror based on affinity
Foreign phrases: Affinis mei affinis non est mihi affinis.One who is related by marriage to a person who is related to me by marriage has no af finity to me.

affinity

(Regard), noun affection, attachment, attraction, closeness, concern, devotion, fondness, friendliness, good will, inclination, liking, love, natural liking, predilection, proclivity, propensity, sympathy, tenderness
See also: agreement, analogy, blood, chain, conformity, connection, consortium, inclination, instinct, kinship, nexus, partiality, penchant, predilection, propensity, propinquity, rapport, relation, relationship, relevance, resemblance

affinity

the relationship or connection between one spouse and the blood relatives of the other. See CONSANGUINITY.

AFFINITY. A connexion formed by marriage, which places the husband in the same degree of nominal propinquity to the relations of the wife, as that in which she herself stands towards them, and gives to the wife the same reciprocal connexion with the relations of the husband. It is used in contradistinction to consanguinity. (q.v.) It is no real kindred.
     2. Affinity or alliance is very different from kindred. Kindred are relations. by blood; affinity is the tie which exists between one of the spouses with the kindred of the other; thus, the relations, of my wife, her brothers, her sisters, her uncles, are allied to me by affinity, and my brothers, sisters, &c., are allied in the same way to my wife. But my brother and the sister of my wife are not allied by the ties of affinity: This will appear by the following paradigms


     My wife's father ---|
     | |
     | |
     -----------------| |
     | | |-- are all allied to me. Ego ----- My Wife My wife's sister ---|
     | |
     My wife's niece ---|
     My wife's father ---|
     My Father | | |My brother
     | | | |and my wife's
     | | | |sister are
    |---------------| |----------| |not allied
    | | | | |to each other My brother Ego ---- My wife, My wife's sister |


     3. A person cannot, by legal succession, receive an inheritance from a relation by affinity; neither does it extend to the nearest relations of husband and wife, so as to create a mutual relation between them. The degrees of affinity are computed in the same way as those of consanguinity. See Pothier, Traite du Mariage, part 3, ch. 3, art. 2, and see 5 M. R. 296; Inst. 1, 10, 6; Dig. 38, 10, 4, 3; 1 Phillim. R. 210; S. C. 1 Eng. Eccl. R. 72; article Marriage.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Kelabit term for those related by affinal ties is dengeruyung puli'.
Women had equal rights with men to claim lands in usufruct and to expect that the labor their kin and affinal relatives owed them would be fulfilled.
Eschewing marriages with first, second, and even third cousins, the Bauern preferred exogamy and, hence, developed a pattern of marriage that united three or more households in "overlapping affinal relationships" (p.
Such a "pre-existing ethnic economy" (Portes and Jensen, 1989:768) is believed to arise from external market conditions and internal ethnic solidarity; the former restricts minorities' opportunities in the open market due to such factors as discrimination while the latter enhances the development of immigrant-based enterprises because of the strength of ethnic institutions and affinal connections (see Bonacich and Modell, 1980; Light and Bonacich, 1988; Light and Rosenstein, 1995; Waldinger, et al.
Joyce Aschenbrenner (1973) makes a distinction between localized kin groups that live in proximity to each other and kindred, a network in which distinctions between biological, affinal and fictive kin are blurred.
Consanguineal relationships eclipsed affinal ones in importance.
In the stress on self-achievement, patrilineality counts for almost nothing, and successful affinal relations, only achievable if women are satisfied, for almost everything (Chowning: 1987, p.
Thus, in interactions with affinal relatives, with whom relations are marked by restraint, the veil is raised to leave only a narrow aperture for the eyes, whereas in dealings with friends or social inferiors, the veil is casually lowered, at times even to chin level.
Nonetheless, it does provide us with a detailed, historically and contextually framed, account of one Alas village, its family and household structure, the elaborate system of descent groups and kinship terminology, as well as the system of marriage and affinal relationships.
A woman in her affinal village was ritually prohibited from doing several things that she could do in her agnatic village, even after marriage: for instance, she was not to touch agricultural implements such as plough, sit on cots used by male members of the family, or ride in carts used for transporting manure to fields.
Family members may be blood or affinal relatives or those `core' workers encultured into the family ideology through their social relations with small firm owners.