affirm


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Affirm

To ratify, establish, or reassert. To make a solemn and formal declaration, as a substitute for an oath, that the statements contained in an Affidavit are true or that a witness will tell the truth. In the practice of appellate courts, to declare a judgment, decree, or order valid and to concur in its correctness so that it must stand as rendered in the lower court. As a matter of Pleading, to allege or aver a matter of fact.

A judgment, decree, or order that is not affirmed is either remanded (sent back to the lower court with instructions to correct the irregularities noted in the appellate opinion) or reversed (changed by the appellate court so that the decision of the lower court is overturned).

affirm

v. what an appeals court does if it agrees with and confirms a lower court's decision.

affirm

(Claim), verb assert, asseverate, aver, declare to be fact, enunciate, establish, express, make a positive statement, make an assertion, proclaim, profess, state, state positively, state with conviction

affirm

(Declare solemnly), verb asseverate, attest, aver, avouch, avow, depone, depose, give oral evidence, give sworn evidence, give verbal evidence, make a solemn declaration, make an asseveration, make an attestation, make an averment, pronounce, take one's oath, testify, vouch
Associated concepts: affirm a contract
Foreign phrases: Affirmanti, non neganti incumbit probaaio.The proof is borne by the person who af firms, rather than the person who denies. Affirmantis est probare. He who is af firming must prove. Ei incumbit probatio, qui dicit, non qui negat; cum per rerum naturam factum neeantis probatio nulla sit. The burden of proof lies upon him who asserts it, not upon him who denies; since, by the nature of things, he who denies a fact cannot produce any proof of it.

affirm

(Uphold), verb adfirmare, approve, certify, confirm, confirmare, endorse, establish, make firm, ratify, substantiate, support, sustain, validate, verify, vouch for, warrant
Associated concepts: affirm a judicial decision, affirm on appeal, affirmed in part, affirmed in whole
See also: accept, accredit, acknowledge, adduce, admit, agree, allege, annunciate, approve, argue, assent, assert, assure, attest, authorize, avouch, avow, bear, certify, claim, communicate, concede, concur, confirm, consent, contend, convey, corroborate, countenance, declare, depose, enunciate, express, indorse, maintain, mention, notarize, pass, plead, posit, profess, promise, reassure, remark, reveal, substantiate, support, sustain, swear, testify, uphold, validate, verify, vouch, vow, witness

affirm

to make an AFFIRMATION.

TO AFFIRM, practice. 1. To ratify or confirm a former law or judgment, as when the supreme court affirms the judgment of the court of common pleas.
     2. To make an affirmation, or to testify under an affirmation.

References in classic literature ?
Some affirm that the torrents, which fall after great rains from the mountains, wash down such a quantity of red sand as gives a tincture to the water: others tell us that the sunbeams being reverberated from the red rocks, give the sea on which they strike the appearance of that colour.
That there are persons in one section or another who seek to destroy the Union at all events, and are glad of any pretext to do it, I will neither affirm nor deny; but if there be such, I need address no word to them.
The essential point is that without seeing her you must believe, confess, affirm, swear, and defend it; else ye have to do with me in battle, ill-conditioned, arrogant rabble that ye are; and come ye on, one by one as the order of knighthood requires, or all together as is the custom and vile usage of your breed, here do I bide and await you relying on the justice of the cause I maintain.
for I do not as yet understand whether you affirm that I teach other men to acknowledge some gods, and therefore that I do believe in gods, and am not an entire atheist--this you do not lay to my charge,--but only you say that they are not the same gods which the city recognizes--the charge is that they are different gods.
Aronnax," he replied, "dare you affirm that your frigate would not as soon have pursued and cannonaded a submarine boat as a monster?