affirm

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Affirm

To ratify, establish, or reassert. To make a solemn and formal declaration, as a substitute for an oath, that the statements contained in an Affidavit are true or that a witness will tell the truth. In the practice of appellate courts, to declare a judgment, decree, or order valid and to concur in its correctness so that it must stand as rendered in the lower court. As a matter of Pleading, to allege or aver a matter of fact.

A judgment, decree, or order that is not affirmed is either remanded (sent back to the lower court with instructions to correct the irregularities noted in the appellate opinion) or reversed (changed by the appellate court so that the decision of the lower court is overturned).

affirm

v. what an appeals court does if it agrees with and confirms a lower court's decision.

affirm

(Claim), verb assert, asseverate, aver, declare to be fact, enunciate, establish, express, make a positive statement, make an assertion, proclaim, profess, state, state positively, state with conviction

affirm

(Declare solemnly), verb asseverate, attest, aver, avouch, avow, depone, depose, give oral evidence, give sworn evidence, give verbal evidence, make a solemn declaration, make an asseveration, make an attestation, make an averment, pronounce, take one's oath, testify, vouch
Associated concepts: affirm a contract
Foreign phrases: Affirmanti, non neganti incumbit probaaio.The proof is borne by the person who af firms, rather than the person who denies. Affirmantis est probare. He who is af firming must prove. Ei incumbit probatio, qui dicit, non qui negat; cum per rerum naturam factum neeantis probatio nulla sit. The burden of proof lies upon him who asserts it, not upon him who denies; since, by the nature of things, he who denies a fact cannot produce any proof of it.

affirm

(Uphold), verb adfirmare, approve, certify, confirm, confirmare, endorse, establish, make firm, ratify, substantiate, support, sustain, validate, verify, vouch for, warrant
Associated concepts: affirm a judicial decision, affirm on appeal, affirmed in part, affirmed in whole
See also: accept, accredit, acknowledge, adduce, admit, agree, allege, annunciate, approve, argue, assent, assert, assure, attest, authorize, avouch, avow, bear, certify, claim, communicate, concede, concur, confirm, consent, contend, convey, corroborate, countenance, declare, depose, enunciate, express, indorse, maintain, mention, notarize, pass, plead, posit, profess, promise, reassure, remark, reveal, substantiate, support, sustain, swear, testify, uphold, validate, verify, vouch, vow, witness

affirm

to make an AFFIRMATION.

TO AFFIRM, practice. 1. To ratify or confirm a former law or judgment, as when the supreme court affirms the judgment of the court of common pleas.
     2. To make an affirmation, or to testify under an affirmation.

References in classic literature ?
O execrable Son so to aspire Above his Brethren, to himself affirming Authoritie usurpt, from God not giv'n: He gave us onely over Beast, Fish, Fowl Dominion absolute; that right we hold By his donation; but Man over men He made not Lord; such title to himself Reserving, human left from human free.
On the other hand, I reflect that he related and told the story with all the circumstances detailed, and that he could not in so short a space have fabricated such a vast complication of absurdities; if, then, this adventure seems apocryphal, it is no fault of mine; and so, without affirming its falsehood or its truth, I write it down.
All these considerations taken together warrant us in affirming, that biennial elections will be as useful to the affairs of the public as we have seen that they will be safe to the liberty of the people.
His converts always regarded him with a dread peculiar to themselves, affirming, though but figuratively, that, before he brought them to celestial light, they had been with him behind the black veil.