alibi

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alibi

n. an excuse used by a person accused or suspected of crime. In the original Latin it means "in another place" which has to be the ultimate alibi.

alibi

noun corroborative excuse, declaration, defense, defensive evidence, defensive plea, exculpatory excuse, explanation, justifiable excuse, justification, justificaaory excuse, plausible excuse, plea in being elsewhere, proof of absence, verifiable excuse, verificative excuse
Associated concepts: affirmative defense, notice of intention to introduce alibi defense, traverse of indictment
See also: compurgation, excuse, pretext

alibi

‘elsewhere’, the defence in a criminal trial in the UK (and, indeed, the USA) that the accused was somewhere else at the time the alleged crime was committed. In both England and Scotland, the defence must give the prosecution notice of such a defence.

ALIBI, in evidence. This is a Latin word which signifies, elsewhere.
     2. When a person, charged with a crime, proves (se eadem die fuisse alibi,) that he was, at the time alleged, in a different place from that in which it was committed, he is said to prove an alibi, the effect of which is to lay a foundation for the necessary inference, that he could not have committed it. See Bract. fo. 140, lib. 3, cap. 20, De Corona.
     3. This proof is usually made out by the testimony of witnesses, but it is presumed it might be made out by writings; as if the party could prove by a record properly authenticated, that on the day or at the time in question, he was in another place.
     4. It must be admitted that mere alibi evidence lies under a great and general prejudice, and ought to be heard with uncommon caution; but if it appear, to be founded in truth, it is the best negative evidence that can be offered; it is really positive evidence, which in the nature of things necessarily implies a negative; and in many cases it is the only evidence which an innocent man can offer.

References in periodicals archive ?
For more information on Allies for Alibis visit www.
You came into the witness box and gave evidence in support of their false alibis.
She also has about 10 songs left over from the sessions for "Tears, Lies, and Alibis.
I'm going to sue these guys," said owner of C and H Auto Center Mario Dorantes, who was recently targeted by Alibis and Paybacks.
Shame they didn't give her a bionic brain while they were at it: her alibi for her weekend away fails the most basic test.
But now they have come up with a new range of World Cup alibis for love-cheats.
The texts, on the other hand, perform a kind of alibi function, persuading us of the power of Eisenman's intellect, the range of his cultural references and the number of intellectual friends he can muster to his cause.
She tries to put the past behind her and find a job instead, only to end up working for a firm that provides perfect alibis .
The Yamagata Family Court said alibis of three of the seven were believable and found them, all aged 14, not guilty in August 1993.
During police interviews Aston produced alibis for the days of the crimes, including saying he was with his father.
PARMA'S multi-millionaire chief Calisto Tanzi has warned coach Alberto Malesani that defeat from Rangers is unthinkable and promised: There will be no alibis.
However Leps does not suggest any of these strategies; indeed given her basic assumption that non-fiction discourse on crime and criminals was based on alibis, Leps is oddly reticent about the truth behind these alibis.