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In principle, the distribution of stem alternants would be explained--if at all--in terms of lexical rules.
However, the two stem forms are alternants of one another, after all.
The regularity of stem alternants resides in the stem itself, and has much deeper roots than the combination of stems and suffixes.
At this point the reader might like to see a few of the examples that have led scholars to believe that the alternants of -BA reflect sex- and number-marking.
The writing of alternants of -BA in the YCPS is rather complicated; to understand the problem it is necessary to consider the historical process by which the Uighur-script original of the Mongolian text (12) was transformed into the version in the Yuan-ch'ao pi-shih.
Discussion of the semantic contrasts between these three is beyond the scope of the present article; here a few remarks will suffice concerning the single ending with which we are concerned, since the temporal/aspectual meaning common to all alternants of -BA is quote straightforward--and certainly less complicated than the uses of -(U)lAA and -JUU.
Note also that the complex stem alternants serve for derivation other than personal-noun derivation.
He outlines this approach as follows: "Verbs commonly display two major stem alternants, the present allostem, used for the present tense, imperative and present participles, and the past/infinitive allostem, used for past, infinitive, past (active) participle and (past) passive participle.
It comes as no surprise then that forms with both alternants, the voiceless and the voiced one are round alongside each other, indicating the imminent process of elimination.
Given the knowledge availed by the Middle English data however as well as the nature of the process of Vernerian voicing, one must view these figures as testifying to the presence of some development encouraging elimination of the Vernerian alternants.
7) As a result, no evidence for their syllabic alternants is available (Murray 1988: 221-222).
namneip 'take', taikneis 'express' where the -ji- alternant is expected in verbs containing etymological ly light syllable in the root, whereas the -ei- variant -- in verbs containing a heavy syllable (or two light ones).