Although Wagner calls the archive he investigates "remarkable for its limitations," his determination to reinterpret black folk culture and its pioneering amanuenses
through the prism of shifting patterns of Southern urban policing gives his project an expansive feel; unexpected juxtapositions combine to produce a revisionist wallop.
Similarly, it is difficult for us to know how much of Margery's text is a faithful recording of her memories, how reliable those memories might be, and how much they are shaped by her amanuenses
, if these scribes existed at all (Staley 1994: 36).
Specifically, chapter four boldly critiques the shortcomings of white women amanuenses
of African American women's narratives.
Like James himself, Coleridge dictated much of his later prose, and he had a knack for recruiting unpaid amanuenses
Are scribes and amanuenses
independent editor-authors, or just invisible technicians?
Visibly cognizant of the historical tendency, at least as old as the slave narratives, for white amanuenses
to alter and appropriate black subjectivity, Pearson takes pains to privilege the voices of the musicians themselves, stating that "those most qualified to interpret the art form are its own traditional practitioners" (xxx).
During his ordination sermon, chronicled by at least two amanuenses
, Marrant related his previous experiences with preaching to African slaves.