ambassador


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See: deputy, plenipotentiary, spokesman

AMBASSADOR, international law. A public minister sent abroad by some sovereign state or prince, with a legal commission and authority to transact business on behalf of his country with the government to which he is sent. He is a minister of the highest rank, and represents the person of his sovereign.
     2. The United States have always been represented by ministers plenipotentiary, never having sent a person of the rank of an, ambassador in the diplomatic sense. 1 Kent's Com. 39, n.
     3. Ambassadors, when acknowledged as such, are exempted, absolutely from all allegiance, and from all responsibility to the laws. If, however, they should be so regardless of their duty, and of the object of their privilege, as to insult or openly to attack the laws of the government, their functions may be suspended by a refusal to treat with them, or application can be made to their own sovereign for their recall, or they may be dismissed, and required to depart within a reasonable time. By fiction of law, an ambassador is considered as if he were out of the territory of the foreign power; and it is an implied agreement among nations, that the ambassador, while he resides in the foreign state, shall be considered as a member of his own country, and the government he represents has exclusive cognizance of his conduct, and control of his person. The attendants of the ambassador are attached to his person, and the effects in his use are under his protection and privilege, and, generally, equally exempt from foreign jurisdiction.
     4. Ambassadors are ordinary or extraordinary. The former designation is exclusively applied to those sent on permanent missions; the latter, to those employed on particular or extraordinary occasions, or residing at a foreign court for an indeterminate period. Vattel, Droit des Gens, 1. 4, c. 6, Sec. 70-79.
     5. The act of Congress of April 30th, 1790, s. 25, makes void any writ or process sued forth or prosecuted against any ambassador authorized and received by the president of the United States, or any domestic servant of such ambassador; and the 25th section of the same act, punishes any person who shall sue forth or prosecute such writ or process, and all attorneys and soliciters prosecuting or soliciting in such case, and all officers executing such writ or process, with an imprisonment not exceeding three years, and a fine at the discretion of the court. The act provides that citizens or inhabitants of the United States who were indebted when they went into the service of an ambassador, shall not be protected as to such debt; and it requires also that the names of such servants shall be registered in the office of the secretary of state. The 16th section imposes the like punishment on any person offering violence to the person of an ambassador or other minister. P Vide 1 Kent, Com. 14, 38, 182; Rutherf. Inst. b. 2, c. 9; Vatt. b. 4, c. 8, s. 113; 2 Wash. C. C. R. 435; Ayl. Pand. 245; 1 Bl. Com. 253; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 2 Vin. Ab. 286; Grot. lib. 2, c. 8, 1, 3; 1 Whart. Dig. 382; 2 Id. 314; Dig. l. 50, t. 7; Code I. 10, t. 63, l. 4; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     6. The British statute 7 Ann, cap. 12; is similar in its provisions; it extends to the family and servants of an ambassador, as well when they are the natives of the country in which the ambassador resides, as when they are foreigners whom he brings with him. (3 Burr. 1776-7) To constitute a domestic servant within the meaning of the statute, it is not necessary that the servant should lodge, at night in the house of the ambassador, but it is necessary to show the nature of the service he renders and the actual performance of it. 3 Burr. 1731; Cases Temp. Hardw. 5. He must, in fact, prove that he is bona fide the ambassador's servant. A land waiter at the custom house is not such, nor entitled to the privilege of the statute. 1 Burr. 401. A trader is not entitled to the protection of the statute. 3 Burr. 1731; Cases Temp. Hardw. 5. A person in debt cannot be taken into an ambassador's service in order to protect him. 3 Burr. 1677.

References in classic literature ?
But when the Ambassadors had been there a day or two, and saw so great abundance of gold so lightly esteemed, yea, in no less reproach than it was with them in honour; and, besides that, more gold in the chains and gyves of one fugitive bondman, than all the costly ornaments of their three was worth; then began a-bate their courage, and for very shame laid away all that gorgeous array whereof they were so proud; and especially when they had talked familiarly with the Utopians, and had learned all their fashions and opinions.
HM King Mohammed VI received, Thursday at the Royal Palace of Tetouan, several foreign ambassadors who presented their credentials to the Sovereign as plenipotentiary and extraordinary ambassadors of their countries in the Kingdom.
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The opening matches will be attended by a number of Asian ambassadors to show their continued support to their communities and the tournament.
President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon received credentials of 10 newly arrived Ambassadors at a ceremony on November 18 in Dushanbe, reports the Tajik president's press service.
All these ambassadors are from BDI, which also appointed Lazar Elenovski for ambassador to Belgium.
According to the transfers, Abdul-Basit Bedawi Al-Sanousi was named as the Director of the American Administration, Ambassador Majdi Ahmed Taha as the Director of the Arab Administration, Ambassador Mahmoud Hassan Al-Amin as the Director of the European Administration, Ambassador Jamal Al-Sheikh as the Director of the Peace and Humanitarian Affairs Administration, Ambassador Adel Bashir as the Director of South Sudan Administration, Ambassador Al-Tayeb Abul-Gasim a the Director of the Economic Cooperation Administration, Ambassador Mohamed Al-Murtada as the Director of the Human Rights Administration and Ambassador Dr.
Other members of the delegation included Charge d'Affaires of Austria Christian Wohlmuther, Ambassador of Belgium Peter Clases, British Deputy High Commissioner Alison Blake, Ambassador of Bulgaria Rouman Pironcthev, Ambassador of the Czech Republic Miroslav Krenek, Charge d'Affaires of Denmark Ms Inge Durant, Ambassador of France Philippe Thieband, Ambassador of Germany Dr Cyrill Jean Nunn, Ambassador of Greece Petros Mavroidis, Ambassador of Hungary Isvan Szabo, Ambassador of Italy Adriano Chiodi Cianfarani, Ambassador of the Netherlands Marcel de Vink, Ambassador of Poland Dr Andrzej Ananicz, Ambassador of Romania Emilian Ion, Ambassador of Spain Javier M Carbajosa, Ambassador of Sweden Thomas Rosander, and Charge d'Affaires of Portugal Jose Carneiro Mendes.
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Martin Saravia Ambassador of Argentina, Dashgin Shikarov, Ambassador of Azerbaijan, Axel Wech, Ambassador of Austria, Peter Heyward, High Commissioner of Australia, Suhrab Hossain High Commissioner of Bangladesh, Mohamed Ebrahim Mohamed Abdulqader Ambassador of Bahrain, Lars - Gunnar Wigemark Ambassador of European Union, Dr.
Ambassador to Denmark Toshio Sano was appointed ambassador of the Delegation of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament, Ambassador to Guatemala Teruaki Nagasaki was appointed ambassador to the Vatican, and Tatsushi Terada, former vice minister for global environment affairs at the Environment Ministry, was appointed ambassador to Kenya.
14 Ambassadors to Bulgaria have voiced their support for this year's Sofia Pride LGBT parade scheduled to take place on June 22 in the capital.