analogy

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Analogy

The inference that two or more things that are similar to each other in some respects are also similar in other respects.

An analogy denotes that similarity exists in some characteristics of things that are otherwise not alike.

In a legal argument, an analogy may be used when there is no precedent (prior case law close in facts and legal principles) in point. Reasoning by analogy involves referring to a case that concerns unrelated subject matter but is governed by the same general principles and applying those principles to the case at hand.

analogy

noun affinity, agreement, close relation, close resemblance, common feature, comparability, congruity, correlation, correspondence, homology, like quality, likeness, logical relation, parallel relation, parallelism, parity, partial similarity, point in common, point of resemblance, points of comparison, relation, relativeness, relativity, resemblance, semblance, similar appearance, similar form, similar relation, similarity, similitude, symmetry
Foreign phrases: De similibus ad similia eadem ratione procedendum est.Proceeding in similar matters we are to proceed by the same rule.
See also: collation, comparison, connection, correspondence, parity, relation, relationship, resemblance

ANALOGY, construction. The similitude of relations which exist between things compared.
     2. To reason analogically, is to draw conclusions based on this similitude of relations, on the resemblance, or the connexion which is perceived between the objects compared. "It is this guide," says Toollier, which leads the law lawgiver, like other men, without his observing it. It is analogy which induces us, with reason, to suppose that, following the example of the Creator of the universe, the lawgiver has established general and uniform laws, which it is unnecessary to repeat in all analogous cases." Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 1, c. 1. Vide Ang. on Adv. Enjoym. 30, 31; Hale's Com. Law, 141.
     3. Analogy has been declared to be an argument or guide in forming legal judgments, and is very commonly a ground of such judgments. 7 Barn. & Cres. 168; 3 Bing. R. 265; 8 Bing R. 557, 563; 3 Atk. 313; 1 Eden's R. 212; 1 W. Bl. 151; 6 Ves. jr. 675, 676; 3 Swanst. R. 561; 1 Turn. & R. 103, 338; 1 R. & M. 352, 475, 477; 4 Burr. R. 1962; 2022, 2068; 4 T. R. 591; 4 Barn. & Cr. 855; 7 Dowl. & Ry. 251; Cas. t. Talb. 140; 3 P. Wms. 391; 3 Bro. C. C. 639, n.

References in periodicals archive ?
Analogies can be complex (electricity flows like water) or simple (his new cell phone is very similar to his old phone).
In teaching dance, these analogies are always useful to guide movement explorations in creative ways, whether to understand the concepts of dance or other subjects.
13) The convergence of classification and nomenclature has distinct implications for the development of botanical analogies.
Avicenna also identifies three kinds of relational analogies distinct from the absolute analogies.
Promoting fourth graders' conceptual change of their understanding of electric current via multiple analogies.
Making analogies allows us to think and act in situations never before encountered, furnishes us with vast harvests of new categories, enriches those categories while ceaselessly extending them over the course of our lives .
By contrast, analogies do not include attribute similarities, only relational similarities (Gentner 1983).
Deep analogies consider how the target concept is similar to the analogy and, since all analogies are imperfect, explore where the analogy breaks down.
So therefore analogies of rocket fire hitting America from Mexico or Canada is completely off the mark as Mexico and Canada are foreign states with defined borders, the Palestinian territories are not sovereign states of their own with their own defined borders.
A Bee in a Cathedral: and 99 Other Scientific Analogies.
The use of analogies is presented as another method to promote multicultural competence during supervision.