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The inference that two or more things that are similar to each other in some respects are also similar in other respects.

An analogy denotes that similarity exists in some characteristics of things that are otherwise not alike.

In a legal argument, an analogy may be used when there is no precedent (prior case law close in facts and legal principles) in point. Reasoning by analogy involves referring to a case that concerns unrelated subject matter but is governed by the same general principles and applying those principles to the case at hand.


noun affinity, agreement, close relation, close resemblance, common feature, comparability, congruity, correlation, correspondence, homology, like quality, likeness, logical relation, parallel relation, parallelism, parity, partial similarity, point in common, point of resemblance, points of comparison, relation, relativeness, relativity, resemblance, semblance, similar appearance, similar form, similar relation, similarity, similitude, symmetry
Foreign phrases: De similibus ad similia eadem ratione procedendum est.Proceeding in similar matters we are to proceed by the same rule.
See also: collation, comparison, connection, correspondence, parity, relation, relationship, resemblance

ANALOGY, construction. The similitude of relations which exist between things compared.
     2. To reason analogically, is to draw conclusions based on this similitude of relations, on the resemblance, or the connexion which is perceived between the objects compared. "It is this guide," says Toollier, which leads the law lawgiver, like other men, without his observing it. It is analogy which induces us, with reason, to suppose that, following the example of the Creator of the universe, the lawgiver has established general and uniform laws, which it is unnecessary to repeat in all analogous cases." Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 1, c. 1. Vide Ang. on Adv. Enjoym. 30, 31; Hale's Com. Law, 141.
     3. Analogy has been declared to be an argument or guide in forming legal judgments, and is very commonly a ground of such judgments. 7 Barn. & Cres. 168; 3 Bing. R. 265; 8 Bing R. 557, 563; 3 Atk. 313; 1 Eden's R. 212; 1 W. Bl. 151; 6 Ves. jr. 675, 676; 3 Swanst. R. 561; 1 Turn. & R. 103, 338; 1 R. & M. 352, 475, 477; 4 Burr. R. 1962; 2022, 2068; 4 T. R. 591; 4 Barn. & Cr. 855; 7 Dowl. & Ry. 251; Cas. t. Talb. 140; 3 P. Wms. 391; 3 Bro. C. C. 639, n.

References in periodicals archive ?
Harrison (1993) described a pedagogical process for using analogies to facilitate teaching.
He wrote that relying on analogies fails to acknowledge changes over time and can cause men to "fall into an abyss of error" through their own forgetfulness and negligence.
I began to think about the role of analogies in biology as I sat in an urban high school biology class, observing students who were working on a simulation called The Beaks of Finches (e.
The first step lies in unfolding the four-point theological hypothesis, with the help of analogies drawn from cognitional and ethical theory and from religious experience.
Consequently, use of the Munich and Vietnam analogies has been intended to compress a complicated decision-making process into compact and easy-to-digest icons.
Record argues that the Munich and Vietnam analogies are the most powerful in influencing recent presidential use-of-force decisions; however, the two analogies function differently.
To answer this question it is helpful to review the vast political science literature on the use of historical analogies.
This book is a banquet of vivid analogies, compelling arguments and poetry.
In an attempt to explain utility computing, many vendors and analysts use electricity or telephone analogies, likening a utility service approach to picking up the phone or switching on the lights--a simple action on the end-user's part, carried out at will.
The equivalence-equivalence tests used in the aforementioned studies closely correspond, structurally and functionally, with classical analogies (a : b :: c : d).
Thus Harvey's research into the circulation of the blood and the analogies he saw between human procreation and artistic theory (although that analogy is not as new as Gilman suggests on p.